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When the girl spit in the well…!!

Hazrat Sayyidnah Shaykh Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al-Jazuli (May Allah have mercy on him) said: I was on a journey, it was time to pray at a place, there was a well, but there was no Bucket and a rope. I was worried that a girl peeked over a house and asked: What are you looking for? I said: Daughter! rope and bucket. She asked: Your name? I said: Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al-Jazuli.

The girl said with astonishment: Well you are the one whose fame is ringing, but the fact is that water can not get out of the well! Saying that she spit in the well, got amazing! The water finally came up. After doing wudu ‘I said to the girl: Daughter! Tell me the truth, how did you achieve this feat? She said: “I often read the greetings, and with his blessing it has been done.” I say: I was pledged to be blessed with this “girl”. (Then he wrote Darud Sharif’s book “Dalail-ul-Khairat”).( Sa’ad-ud-din Aryan)

May Allah have mercy on them and their charity is our undeserved forgiveness. Amen


After Sayyiduna ‘Isa’s ascension towards the skies, the condition of Christians worsened miserably. People started worshipping idols and compelling others to do the same. Especially one of their kings named Decius (Daqiyanoos) was so cruel that if anyone would refuse to worship idols, he would kill him.

Who were the people of the cave?

The people of the cave were the noble people of the city of Ephesus and were the respected courtiers of the king. But these people were true believers and were against idol worshipping. In order to safeguard their faith after facing oppressive conduct of king Decius, they ran away from his kingdom.

They took refuge in a cave in a nearby mountain and went to sleep. They remained asleep for a period of more than three hundred years. When Decius searched for them and came to know about their presence in the cave, he became extremely furious. He ordered to barricade the cave with a stone wall so that the captives may die there and the cave may become grave for them.

However, the person who was assigned to execute that task by Decius was a very pious and a faithful person. He engraved the names of the companions of the cave, their number, and their whole incident on a slate and after placing it in a copper box, he buried it in the foundation of the wall that he erected. Likewise, he preserved a similar slate to this one in the royal treasury too.

After a few days

After a few days, the king Decius died and kingdoms kept changing until a very kind-hearted and just person, named ‘Badrus’ became the king. He ruled the country for sixty eight years gloriously. During his reign, religious deviations broke out and some people refuted the belief in resurrection after death and the Day of Judgement.

The king became grief-stricken. As such, he confined himself in a home and implored earnestly in the court of Allah with tearful eyes: ‘O Allah ( ), reveal such a sign that people start believing in the resurrection after death and in the Day of Judgement.’ This invocation of the king was accepted. A shepherd selected the same cave as a shelter for his goats breaking the wall down.

As soon as the wall fell down, the people who broke the wall were struck with extreme horror and they ran away. The companions in the cave woke up from their sleep by the command of Allah and exchanged greetings (Salam) and engaged in talking to each other. They then also offered their Salah. When they felt hungry, they said to one of their companions Yamleekha: ‘Go to the bazaar and bring some food. Also, find out secretly what Decius intends to do with us?

So Yamleekha Went

So, Yamleekha went to the market. He was astonished to see that Islam has spread everywhere and people were openly reciting the Kalimah (article of faith) of Sayyiduna ‘Isa علیہ السلام  . Seeing all this, Yamleekha was amazed and exclaimed out of astonishment: ‘O Allah ( )! What is happening here! In this city, it was a crime to even utter the name of Islam.

The Coin

How come this revolution has taken place?’ Afterwards, he went to a bakery to purchase food and gave a coin of the times of Decius to the salesman. This coin was no longer in use and there was no one alive who could recognize that coin either. The shopkeeper became suspicious, thinking that perhaps the possessor of that coin has discovered some old treasure. Therefore, the shopkeeper handed him over to the authorities.

They interrogated him about the treasure and said, ‘Tell us, where is the treasure?’ Yamleekha said, ‘There is no treasure. This is our money.’ The authorities said, ‘How can we believe this coin is yours? This coin is three hundred years old and centuries have passed since this coin was in use.

This coin is no longer used and you are still young. So tell us clearly so that this myth can be solved.’ Hearing this, Yamleekha said, ‘You tell me, how is the king Decius?’ The authorities said, ‘Today, there is no king with this name on the face of the earth. Yes, hundreds of years ago there was an evil-hearted and unjust king with this name, who was an idol worshipper.’

Yamleekha Stated

Yamleekha stated, ‘It is a matter of just a day before that we fled due to his fear to safeguard our faith and our lives. My companions are in a nearby cave. You people come with me. I will make you meet them.’ Therefore, the authorities and seniors of the city reached near the cave in large numbers. The companions in the cave were waiting for Yamleekha.

Seeing the delay in his return, they presumed that Yamleekha might have been arrested. When they heard noise of people coming at the entrance of the cave, they thought that perhaps the army of Decius has arrived to arrest them. Therefore, these people engaged themselves in the remembrance of Allah and repentance devoutly.
The authorities discovered the copper box when they reached the cave.

The Slate

They took the slate out and read its contents. They discovered that the names of the companions of the cave were written on it, and it was also mentioned that they are a group of true believers who had taken refuge in this cave to safeguard their faith due to the fear of Decius.

Decius barricaded this cave with a wall to confine them. The author further wrote on the slate, ‘I have mentioned these facts with the intention that whenever the cave will be opened, people may become aware of what the people of the cave suffered’. The authorities were stunned to read the account written on the slate.

These people informed their king ‘Badrus’ about the event. Immediately, king Badrus rushed to the cave along with his courtiers and the distinguished people of the city. The companions of the cave came out of the cave, embraced the king and revealed their entire story. King Badrus fell into prostration and thanked Allah that his invocation was accepted. Allah has revealed such a sign that has strengthened everybody’s belief about the resurrection after death.

The companions of the cave prayed that may Allah protect the king and his kingdom.

They further said, ‘Now we leave you under the protection of Allah ’. The companions of the cave said greetings, :السلام علیکم and went back inside the cave and went asleep. Allah made them die in the same state. King Badrus made timber coffins and placed the sacred bodies of the companions of the cave inside them.

Allah infused such a dignity in the hearts of the people about the companions of the cave that no one had the courage of going near the cave’s entrance. This is how Allah preserved the dead bodies of the companions of cave. After this, the king Badrus constructed a mosque at the entrance of the cave, fixed an annual celebration day, and asked people to visit it on that day like an Eid day. (Khaazin, vol. 3, pp. 198-200)

Number of companions of the cave

When there arose the conflict of opinion amongst people regarding the number of companions in the cave; the following verse was revealed:

قُل رَّبِّیۡۤ اَعْلَمُ بِعِدَّتِہِمۡ مَّا یَعْلَمُہُمْ اِلَّا قَلِیۡلٌ (پ15،الکہف:22)

Proclaim, ‘My Lord well knows their number – no one knows them except a few’.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 22)

It has been narrated by Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Abbas 2رضی اللہ عنہا, ‘I am amongst those few people who know the number of the companions in the cave’, adding that ‘the number of companions is seven and the eighth was their dog’.
(Tafseer As-Saawi, vol. 4, pp. 1191; part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 22)

Allah has mentioned the account of the companions in the cave in the Holy Quran by saying that:

ؕاَمْ حَسِبْتَ اَنَّ اَصْحٰبَ الْکَہۡفِ وَ الرَّقِیۡمِ ۙ کَانُوۡا مِنْ اٰیٰتِنَا عَجَبًا ﴿9﴾اِذْ اَوَی الْفِتْیَۃُ اِلَی الْکَہۡفِ فَقَالُوۡا رَبَّنَاۤ اٰتِنَا مِنۡ لَّدُنۡکَ رَحْمَۃً وَّہَیِّئْ لَنَا مِنْ اَمْرِنَا رَشَدًا ﴿10﴾فَضَرَبْنَا عَلٰۤی اٰذَانِہِمْ فِی الْکَہۡفِ سِنِیۡنَ عَدَدًا ﴿ۙ11﴾ثُمَّ بَعَثْنٰہُمْ لِنَعْلَمَ اَیُّ الْحِزْبَیۡنِ اَحْصٰی لِمَا لَبِثُوۡۤا اَمَدًا ﴿٪12﴾نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَیۡکَ نَبَاَہُمۡ بِالْحَقِّ ؕ اِنَّہُمْ فِتْیَۃٌ اٰمَنُوۡا بِرَبِّہِمْ وَزِدْنٰہُمْ ہُدًی ﴿٭ۖ13﴾ (پ15،الکہف:9۔13)


Did you know that the people of the cave and people near to the forest were Our wonderful signs? When the young men took refuge in the cave – then said, ‘Our Lord! Grant us mercy from yourself, and grant us guidance in our affair.’ We then struck upon their ears in the cave for a number of years. We then awakened them to see which of the two groups more accurately tells the period they had stayed. We shall narrate their account to you accurately; they were young men who believed in their Lord, and We increased the guidance for them.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 9-13)

In the next verses, Allah has mentioned the full account of the companions in the cave which we have already mentioned.

Names of Ashab-e-Kahf

There is also a difference of opinion about the names of Ashab e Kahf. Sayyiduna ‘Ali رضی اللہ عنہ has reported that the names of Ashab-e-Kahf are Yamleekha, Makshleena, Mashleena, Marnoosh, Dabarnoosh, Shaznoosh and the seventh was a shepherd who joined them. Sayyiduna ‘Ali رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ did not mention about him. Qitmeer was the name of their dog, while their city was called ‘Ephesus’ and the name of the tyrant king was Decius.
(Madarik-ut-Tanzeel vol. 3, pp. 206; part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 22)

It has been mentioned in Tafseer As-Saawi that the names of Ashab-e-Kahf are Maksamleena, Yamleekha, Toonas, Naynwas, Saryoonas, Zonawanas and Falastutyunas. The later was a shepherd who joined them on the way and the name of their dog was ‘Qitmeer’.
(As-Saawi, vol. 4, pp. 1191, part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 22)
Prominent features of the names of Ashab-e-Kahf
Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas رضی اللہ عنہما has mentioned that an amulet (Ta’weez) made with the names of Ashab-e-Kahf is beneficial for nine things:

  • To call back someone who has fled away and to escape from enemies to save oneself.
  • To extinguish fire, write it on a piece of cloth and place it in the fire.
  • For the children who cry or for the fever that comes after every third day.
  • Fasten it over the right shoulder for a headache.
  • String it round the neck of the patient of Umm-us-Sibyaan.
  • To have a safe land or sea journey
  • For the protection of wealth
  • To have an increase in wisdom
  • For the salvation of sinners
    (As-Saawi, vol. 4, pp. 1191; part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 22)

How many days did Ashab-e-Kahf remain asleep for?

When following verse of the Holy Quran was revealed :

وَ لَبِثُوۡا فِیۡ کَہۡفِہِمْ ثَلٰثَ مِائَۃٍ سِنِیۡنَ وَازْدَادُوۡا تِسْعًا ﴿۲۵﴾.

(Part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 25)
(i.e. and they stayed in their cave for three hundred years and nine more), the pagans said that we are aware about the Ashab-e-Kahf’s stay in the cave for three hundred years but we do not know about the nine years period. The Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, ‘You people are counting on the basis of solar years whereas the time mentioned in the Holy Quran is according to the lunar years. In every one hundred solar years, there is an addition of three lunar years.’
(As-Saawi, vol. 4, pp. 1193; part 15, Surah Al-Kahf, verse 25)


  • The resurrection after death is a reality and the event of Ashab-e-Kahf is a sign and evidence for this that has been mentioned in the Holy Quran.
  • A person who migrates from his native country for the sake of safeguarding his faith and belief, Allah provides such means for his safety from the unseen that are beyond our perception.
  • There are blessings and beneficial effects in the names of the chosen people of Allah.
  • Badrus who was a faithful and a kind-hearted king, fixed a day for annual commemoration for people to come and visit the cave of Ashab-e-Kahf. From this, we can deduce that the tradition of celebrating anniversary of the pious saints (‘     ./ dates back to ancient times.
  • The construction of the Masjid in the vicinity of the holy shrines of the saints ( ‘     ./ and performing worship there is also a blissful old tradition because king Badrus constructed a Masjid by the cave of Ashab-e-Kahf that has been mentioned in the
    Holy Quran. (واللہ تعالٰی اعلم)

Emergence of Dajjal (Antichrist)

Dajjal (Antichrist), a powerful devilish character will appear on the scene. Besides the Holy cities of Makkah ‘the Ennobled’ and Madinah ‘the Illuminated’, he will establish his influence and conquer the entire world in a span of just forty days. The first day of these forty days will be as long as a year. The second day will be like a month and the third day like a week.

The rest of the days will be of normal duration. Dajjal (Antichrist), like a destructive storm will travel around the world, destroying everything in his path. His speed will be like the speed of a cloud carried away by forceful winds. He will unleash destruction wherever he goes. The afflictions and miseries that Dajjal (Antichrist) will cause through his mischief and deceptions will be appalling.

Dajjal Tricks

He will play tricks and The devious Dajjal (Antichrist) will have two dazzling things with which to entice the people – a garden and a fire. He will call these “Jannah” (Paradise) and “Jahannam” (Hell) and wherever he goes he will take them with him. In reality, in this illusion and magic, his Jannah will actually be fire and his Jahannam will be a peaceful place of rest.

He will order people to believe him to be God. Whoever believes him to be God, he will put them into his Jannah, and whoever rejects him, he will throw them into his Jahannam (which will be the opposite).

He will revive the dead and the earth will grow vegetation upon his command. He will make the clouds rain. The livestock ofthe people during his reign will increase in number and health and the milk-yield will also increase. When Dajjal (Antichrist) passes through the forests, treasures of wealth will follow him like swarms of bees.

Dajjal’s Magical Tricks

He will play several other magical tricks and ploys which will ultimately prove to be sheer illusions. All these tricks and ploys will indeed be deceptive feats of magic and wizardry and will instantly vanish as soon as Dajjal (Antichrist) leaves the place. Whenever Dajjal (Antichrist) tries to move towards the holy cities of Makkah and Madinah, Angels will turn his face in some other direction. Dajjal (Antichrist) will be followed by an army of Jews and will have three letters “ك (Kaaf), ف (Faa), ر (Raa)” (signifying Kaafir or disbeliever) engraved on his forehead. Muslims alone will be able to see and read these letters.

When Dajjal (Antichrist) completes his round of the world and reaches Syria, it will be dawn. The call to prayer for the morning Ṣalāh would have just finished when the Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام will descend onto the eastern minaret of the Jaami’ Masjid of Damascus.

Imam Mahdi

Imām Mahdi will be present and will be asked by Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام to lead the prayer. With the presence of Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام this will have a very disastrous effect on Dajjal (Antichrist) who will start melting, like salt in water, due to the pleasant odour emanating from the breath of Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام.

The pleasant odour will keep growing in intensity far and wide until Dajjal (Antichrist) is forced to retreat. Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام will chase Dajjal (Antichrist) and will finally kill him with a spear.
The end of Dajjal (Antichrist)’s domination will mark the beginning of a new era. Prophet ‘Īsā’s عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام reign will be one of abundance and affluence.

People will be in possession of so much wealth that it will be difficult to find anyone in need of anything. There will be no enmity, jealousy, animosity or distrust among the people. Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام will kill the pig (Khinzeer) and break the Cross.

All the followers of the Holy Books who survive the tyrannical atrocities of Dajjal (Antichrist) during his regime will eventually proclaim their allegiance to Prophet ‘Īsā عَـلٰى نَبِيِّنَا وَعَـلَيْهِ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام. There will now only be one dominant religion – Islam.


When Surah Lahab ”تَبَّتْ یَدَا” was revealed, Abu Lahab and his wife ‘Umm-e-Jameel’ were condemned. As a result, Umm-e-Jameel became furious and lost her self-control. She came to the sacred Ka’bah bringing a huge stone. At that time, the Beloved and Blessed Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم was reciting the Holy Quran in Salah and
Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رضی اللہ عنہ was sitting nearby. Umm-eJameel reached grumbling and came to Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رضی اللہ عنہ whilst passing by the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم. She said out of extreme anger, ‘Tell me where your Prophet is? I have come to know that he has belittled me and my husband.’ Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رضی اللہ عنہ said, ‘My Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) is not a poet who would ridicule others.’ She became more furious, roamed around the Ka’bah in search of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم whilst chattering and murmuring nonsense.

Finally, when she could not see the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, she left from the sacred Haram grumbling. Whilst leaving, she said to Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رضی اللہ عنہ, ‘I came here to trample the head of your Prophet with this rock, but alas, I could not find him.’ When Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رضی اللہ عنہ mentioned this event to the Noble Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, he صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, ‘She passed by me many times, but an angel came between me and her in such a way that she could not see me.’ The following verse of the Holy Quran was revealed in relation to this event.

وَ اِذَا قَرَاۡتَ الْقُرۡاٰنَ جَعَلْنَا بَیۡنَکَ وَ بَیۡنَ الَّذِیۡنَ لَایُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِالۡاٰخِرَۃِ حِجَابًا مَّسْتُوۡرًا ﴿ۙ45﴾
(پ15، بنی اسرائیل:45)
And you read the Quran O dear Prophet (Muhammad), We created an invisible veil between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 15, Surah Bani Israel, verse 45)
(Khazaain-ul-‘Irfan, pp. 515)

Moral: Umm-e-Jameel, regardless of looking with full wide open eyes, could not see the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم despite passing by him again and again. Undoubtedly, this is an unusual happening and it is definitely a miracle of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم.
Such miracles were exhibited by the Great Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم many times and there are several Walis (friends) of Allah from whom similar miraculous marvels are exhibited. Marvels exhibited by a Wali of Allah are in fact the miracles of the Beloved and Blessed Rasool صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم because a marvel (Karamat) by any Wali of Allah is actually a miracle of his Prophet.

اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰی سَیِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَلٰی اٰلِ سَیِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّبَارِکْ وَسَلِّمْ


Sayyiduna Ibraheem’s son, Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  was born in Syria to Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا. Sayyiduna Ibraheem’s wife, Sayyidatuna Saarah رضی اللہ عنہا did not have any children, and due to envy, she asked Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  to separate Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا and her son, Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  and take them somewhere far away from her. Allah provided means for this. Therefore, a Divine revelation revealed upon Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  to take Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا and Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  and leave them in such a land where there is no sign of water and nothing else except plain fields and deserted mountains.

Therefore, Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  left along with Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا and his son Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  and came to the place where the sacred Ka’bah is situated today. At that time, there was no population nor was any spring of water or any sign of water or human beings far and wide. Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  placed some dates in a pot and filled a skin sack with water and departed from there. Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا called out, ‘O Prophet of Allah, where are you going leaving us helpless in this lonely desert?’ Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا called out many times but he علیہ السلام  did not reply back.

In the end, Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا asked, ‘Are you leaving us here at your own will or are you fulfilling the command of Allah by doing so?’ Then he علیہ السلام  replied, ‘O Haajirah! Whatever I have done is the command of Allah .’ After hearing this, Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا said, ‘You may leave now. I have a stern belief and firm faith that Allah will not let me or my son get harmed.’

After this, Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  made a long supplication and came back to Syria. After a few days, when the dates and water ran out, severe hunger and thirst struck Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا. The milk in her chest had also dried out and her son was suffering due to hunger and thirst. She ran between the hills of Safa and Marwah seven times in search for water but there was no sign of water anywhere. Moreover, the condition of Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  was such that due to severe thirst, he علیہ السلام  was weeping bitterly and tapping his heels on the ground. Sayyiduna Jibra`eel علیہ السلام  struck his foot near Sayyiduna Isma’eel’s heels and a spring of water gushed from there. This water possessed properties like that of milk and used to work both as food and water. Therefore, by drinking the water of Zamzam, Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا and Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  survived.

Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  grew up, reached the age of puberty and started hunting. Thus hunting and the water of Zamzam became the means of their living. Then some people of the tribe of Jarham came there grazing their goats and seeing the spring of water, they started living there with the permission of Sayyidatuna Haajirah رضی اللہ عنہا. Furthermore, Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  married with a woman of that tribe and with the passage of time, this valley became populated.

Subsequently, Allah commanded Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  for the construction of the Holy Ka’bah. Therefore, Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  constructed the Holy Ka’bah with the help of his son, Sayyiduna Isma’eel علیہ السلام  . At that time, Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام   invoked a long Du’a for his children as well as the inhabitants of Makkah. That Du’a is mentioned in different verses of the Holy Quran. In Surah Ibraheem, some portion of his Du’a is mentioned in the following words:

رَبَّنَاۤ اِنِّیۡۤ اَسْکَنۡتُ مِنۡ ذُرِّیَّتِیۡ بِوَادٍ غَیۡرِ ذِیۡ زَرْعٍ عِنۡدَ بَیۡتِکَ الْمُحَرَّمِ ۙ رَبَّنَا لِیُـقِیۡمُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ فَاجْعَلْ اَفْئِدَۃً مِّنَ النَّاسِ تَہۡوِیۡۤ اِلَیۡہِمْ وَارْزُقْہُمۡ مِّنَ الثَّمَرٰتِ لَعَلَّہُمْ یَشْکُرُوۡنَ ﴿37﴾.

O our Lord! I have caused some of my descendants to settle in a valley wherein there is no cultivation, near Your Sacred House – O our Lord! So that they may keep the prayer established, therefore incline some hearts of people towards them, and provide them fruits to eat – perhaps they may be thankful.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 13, Surah Ibraheem, verse 37)

This is the historical beginning of the establishment of Makka-tulMukarramah that is proven from the Holy Quran.

Effect of Sayyiduna Ibraheem’s Du’a

In that Du’a, Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  asked for two things from Allah . The first was that the hearts of some people may incline towards his progeny, and the second was that these people may have fruits as their food. سبحان اللہ عزوجل, These supplications of Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  were accepted. Therefore, the hearts of the people are attracted towards the inhabitants of Makkah in such a way that today, billions of people are anxious to behold the sacred land of Makkah. For centuries, the Muslims have strived and endured hardships to go to Makkah through land, sea and air, and will continue to do so until the Day of Judgement.

The abundance of fruit in the food of the people of Makkah is to such an extent that despite there being no crop of fruit in Makkah or in its surroundings, the people are astonished to see various varieties of dry fruits and fruits being available in the markets of Makkah throughout the year. Allah has blessed the land of Taif to yield fruits of all types and a variety of fruits and vegetables are transported from there to Makkah. Furthermore, a huge variety of fruits and dry fruits are also imported to Makkah from different European countries, as well as Egypt and Iraq. All this is by virtue of the invocations of Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  . It is undoubtedly a true wonder of Islam.

After this, Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  invoked the following Du’a for his progeny and all the believers.

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِیۡ مُقِیۡمَ الصَّلٰوۃِ وَمِنۡ ذُرِّیَّتِیۡ ٭ۖ رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَآءِ ﴿40﴾رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِی وَلِوَالِدَیَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ یَوْمَ یَقُوۡمُ الْحِسَابُ ﴿٪41﴾ (پ13،ابرٰھیم:40،41)

O my Lord! Maintain me as one who establishes prayer, and some of my descendants; O our Lord! And accept my prayer. O our Lord! And forgive me, and my parents, and all the Muslims on the day when the account will take place.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 13, Surah Ibraheem, verse 40-41)

Moral: From this event, we come to know two particular things:

  • Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  was extremely submissive to Allah . The son that was born to him in his old age after lot of supplications was obviously very dear to him and it was natural that he علیہ السلام  would not be ready to separate himself from his son. But when Allah commanded: ‘O Ibraheem, take your beloved son and his mother away from your home and leave them in the valley of Batha, where there is no leaf to
    hide under and nor is there any drop of water to quench the thirst, neither there is any helper nor any condoler.’
    If it had been someone else instead of Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  , his heart would have trembled just by imagining the scenario. But Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  neither grieved after listening to this command of Allah nor pondered over it even for a moment. He علیہ السلام  did not lose his sense of submission due to the grief and sorrow either. Instead, in order to fulfil the command of Allah , Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  immediately left from Syria and went to the land of Makkah with his wife and son and returned to Syria after leaving them all alone there. اللہ اکبر! May we be blessed with a fraction of such extreme obedience and submission!
    From the supplications that Sayyiduna Ibraheem علیہ السلام  invoked with immense affection for the prosperity and wellbeing of his progeny; we learnt that to love one’s children and to supplicate for them is the blessed tradition of the reverent Prophets علیہم السلام. Therefore, the Muslims should adopt this tradition
    for prosperity of their kinfolk. (واللہ تعالٰی اعلم)

Summary of Surah Yusuf

The event of Sayyiduna Yusuf (عزوجل و صلی اللہ تعالیٰ علیہ وسلم)  has been titled as ‘Ahsan-ul-Qasas’ by Allah – meaning ‘the best of the events’ among other Quranic events. The reason for this distinction is that the eventful holy life of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was comprised of extremes of happiness as well as that of sufferings. We are presenting the summary of this extraordinary eventful life so that the readers may get moral lessons from it and observe the wonderful powers of Allah .

Sayyiduna Yaqoob Bin Ishaaq Bin Ibraheem (علیہ السلام)  had twelve sons and their names are:

  1. Yahuda
  2. Rubeel
  3. Sham’oon
  4. Laavi
  5. Zabuloon
  6. Yashjar
  7. Daan
  8. Naftaali
  9. Jaad
  10. Aashir
  11. Yusuf
  12. Binyameen

Sayyiduna Binyameen was brother of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  whereas others were his step-brothers born of different mothers. Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was dear to his father more than all of his other brothers. The main reason for this distinctive love and affection of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  towards Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was the distinguished sign of Prophethood that was apparent on the forehead of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  . That is why, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  used to deal him with great respect and affection.

At the age of seven, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  dreamt that eleven stars along with a sun and a moon are prostrating him. When Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  relayed his dream to his father, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  forbade him from telling the dream to his brothers by saying, ‘O beloved son, beware! Do not disclose this dream to your brothers.

Otherwise, out of jealousy, they will secretly conspire against you.’ However, the prediction of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  proved to be true and the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  became jealous of him. They became jealous to such an extent that through mutual agreement, they planned to take Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  out of the home and throw him into a well in the jungle.

For the fulfilment of their scheme, all the brothers gathered and went to their father Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  and with much insistence; they succeeded to get the permission to take Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  to the jungle with them for the sake of hunting and excursion. From home, they carried him on their shoulders, but the moment they reached the jungle, they dropped him on the earth out of hostility.

They all beat him severely, then removed his shirt and tied his hands and feet, and dropped him into a dark and deep well. But immediately, Sayyiduna Jibra`eel علیہ السلام   came and entered in the well and saved Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  from drowning by placing him on a stone which was inside the well. He علیہ السلام  unfastened his hands and feet and consoled him.

At the time of leaving home, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  had placed a shirt of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  as an amulet around his neck. Sayyiduna Jibra`eel علیہ السلام  unfolded that very shirt and make Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  wear it. The dark well illuminated by virtue of that shirt.

After dropping him in the well, the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  soaked the shirt of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  with the blood of a goat and left for home. From outside the home, they started crying loudly. Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  came out of the home worried and asked them the reason for their crying, inquiring if someone had harmed their goats.

Then Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  inquired: ‘Where is my Yusuf? I am not seeing him!’ The brothers replied tearfully that during our play, we ran far away and asked (Sayyiduna) Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) to look after our belongings. Then a wolf came, mauled him and then ate him. They showed him his shirt. Although they had placed excessive blood on the shirt but they forgot to tear it.

When Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  saw the shirt of his beloved son with tearful eyes, taking the shirt in his hands, he علیہ السلام  observed that it was in good condition and was not torn from anywhere.

Therefore, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  realized the deception committed by his sons, and said to them that the wolf must have been very clever and intelligent that he mauled and ate my Yusuf but did not even scratch his shirt. He clearly told them that this act is all their wickedness. Then with a very grieved heart and with a painful voice he علیہ السلام  said:

فَصَبْرٌ جَمِیۡلٌ ؕ وَاللہُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلٰی مَا تَصِفُوۡنَ ﴿18﴾ (پ12،یوسف:18)
(Part 12, Surah Yusuf, verse 18)

Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  remained in the well for three days. This well was salty but due to his blessed presence, the water became very tasty and sweet. A caravan was travelling from Madyan to Egypt. A traveller from that caravan, whose name was Maalik Bin Zu’ar Khazaa’i, came there to draw out water and threw his bucket into the well.

That moment, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  held the bucket and clung to it. When Maalik Bin Zu’ar pulled the bucket up, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  came out of the well. When he saw the beauty of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , he broke this good news to his friends saying :

The brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , who used to graze thhhheir goats in the jungle, would peep and watch inside the well daily. When they did not see their brother inside the well, then in his search, they reached the caravan. After seeing him (Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  ), they said, ‘He is their fugitive slave who is completely useless, disobedient and worthy of nothing.

If you people buy him, we will sell him very cheaply to you people. But the condition is that you should sell him at some place far from here that no news about him may relay here.’ Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  kept silent due to fear of his brothers and did not say a single word. Afterwards, his brothers sold him to Maalik Bin Zu’ar for only twenty dirham.

After purchasing Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , Maalik Bin Zu’ar took him to the market in Egypt, and the king of Egypt bought him for a huge price. After taking him to his royal palace, he said to his queen, Zulaykha to keep him in his service with great respect and dignity.

Therefore, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  started living in the royal palace of the king of Egypt. Queen Zulaykha fell in love with him due to his extreme attractiveness. Her love for Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  came to such a point that one day Zulaykha, drowned in his love, tried to entice him to fulfil her sensual desires.

Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  refused by saying ‘may Allah ( ) forgive’ and clearly said to her that he علیہ السلام  cannot betray his master, the king of Egypt, and cannot be ungrateful to his favours. Upon saying this, he علیہ السلام  ran away from the room. Zulaykha ran after him and held him from the back of his shirt.

Consequently, the back of the shirt tore away. While this took place, the king of Egypt entered in the palace and saw them both in that state. Zulaykha falsely blamed Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  for all that.

The king of Egypt was startled upon hearing her claim as to who was rightful. Coincidentally, a four month baby was lying in the cradle in the home who presented the evidence, saying that if the shirt is torn from the front, then Sayyiduna Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) is guilty; and if it is torn from the back, then it is the guilt of Zulaykha and Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) is innocent.

When the king of Egypt saw the shirt, it was torn from the back. So, the king of Egypt declared Zulaykha as guilty and scolded her. He then asked Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  not to be grieved by this incident. However, upon the advice of Zulaykha, the king of Egypt sent Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  into prison. So, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was transferred from the royal palace to the prison cell.

After reaching the jail, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  said, ‘O Allah ( )! The cell of this prison is better for me than the evil towards which Zulaykha was calling me upon.’ He علیہ السلام  remained imprisoned for seven years or twelve years. During these years, he علیہ السلام  kept delivering the message of the oneness of Allah to the prisoners and kept calling them towards righteousness.

It was a strange coincidence that the day when he علیہ السلام  entered the prison, two servants of the king of Egypt were also imprisoned, one of which was a barman and the other was a cook. Both of them told their dreams to Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  and he interpreted their dreams. His interpretation proved hundred percent true. Thus, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  became famous with the name of Ma’bar (dream interpreter).

During these days, the great king of Egypt, Riyan Bin Waleed dreamt that seven healthy cows were being eaten by seven lean cows and there are seven green shoots and seven dry shoots. The king inquired the interpretation of the dream from his courtiers who replied that the dream was due to disturbed sleep and did not provide any interpretation for it.

Meanwhile, the barman of the king, who had returned back after being released from jail sought permission of the king to go back to the jail for asking the interpretation of that dream. Therefore, as a messenger of the king, the barman went to Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  in the prison.

He asked the interpretation of the dream that seven lean cows were eating seven healthy cows and there are seven green and seven dry shoots of corn. In reply, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  told him to cultivate constantly for seven years and save the harvested crops from this cultivation in shoots.

He علیہ السلام  further said that afterwards, a famine will strike and then the land will be affected by the drought for seven years. In the seven years of famine, the people will eat the food they preserved for seven years. Then the famine will end.

The messenger (barman) went back and relayed the interpretation of the dream to the king. Consequently, the king ordered for freeing Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  from the prison and instructed to bring him in his court. The messenger reached the jail with the good news of release.

However, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  said that prior to his release, his innocence and chastity should be proven by Zulaykha and other women. Only then he (علیہ السلام  ) would come out of the jail. Therefore, the king investigated the issue, and during the investigation, Zulaykha admitted that she herself tried to entice Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  and that it was solely her mistake. She also said that Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  is truthful and chaste.

After this, the king called Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  in the court and said, ‘You are a trusted and respected member of our court.’ Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  asked for the charge of all administrative and security matters regarding the treasures of the kingdom. He علیہ السلام  said that he would handle the whole system.

The king handed over the treasury and security matters to Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  and thus, the reign of Egypt came in the hands of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  . After taking the control of these treasures in his hands, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  managed the agricultural activities for seven years. He علیہ السلام  preserved grains in their shoots. As the famine rose to its peak, people from all over the kingdom started coming to Egypt to buy food. As such, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  began selling the grains.

For the same reason, the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  also came to Egypt from Kin’aan. Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  recognized them at first sight but his brothers could not recognize him at all. Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  gave them grains and said, ‘You have a brother (Binyameen). Next time, bring him as well. If you don’t bring him along, then you will not receive any food.’ The brothers said that they would try to convince their father. Then Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  instructed his servants to put the cash of these people back in their sacks so that after reaching home, when they would look at it, I hope they will definitely return back.

Therefore, when these brothers reached their father, they said, ‘O father, what will happen now? The king of Egypt has said that unless we do not bring Binyameen with us, we will not be given grains. Therefore, please send Binyameen with us so that we may get his share of grains as well. Be assured that we will protect him.’ Afterwards, when they unfastened their sacks, they were startled to see the cash they had paid.

Upon seeing this, the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  said to their father, ‘O father, what better conduct than this can we expect? See, the king of Egypt has given us full quantity of grains as well as returned our money. Therefore, send our brother (Binyameen) with us without any fear.’

Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  said, ‘I had once trusted you in the case of Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) and what did you do? Now how can I trust you again? I will never send Binyameen with you in this way. But if you take an oath and promise before me, only then I will send him with you.’ Upon hearing this, the brothers took oath and promised. So he (Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  ) sent Binyameen with them.

When these brothers reached in the court of the king of Egypt, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  made his brother sit on his throne and secretly whispered in his ear, ‘I am your brother Yusuf. Therefore, do not worry at all.’ Then he (Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  ) gave grains to all of them and they all took hold of their sacks. When everyone started to leave, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  kept Binyameen with him.

Now the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  became extremely worried. They had made promise with their father that they would protect him even on the cost of their lives but Binyameen had been snatched away from their hands. They wondered how to return home now and how they can remain there (in Egypt) as well.

Seeing the situation, the eldest brother, Yahuda said, ‘O my brothers! See what promises we made with our father before coming here. We have already committed a big mistake with our brother Yusuf in the past. Therefore, until I do not get any instructions from my father, I cannot move from this land. You people go home and tell father the whole story.’

Therefore, all the brothers went home except Yahuda and told the whole situation to their father. In response, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  said, ‘You people are making excuses in the matter of Binyameen as you did in case of Yusuf. However, I would observe patience and patience is a very virtuous thing.’ Then he (Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  ) turned his face away and began weeping. He علیہ السلام  wept so bitterly in the memory of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  that he lost his eyesight.

Hearing the name of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  from Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  , the sons and the grandsons of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  said, ‘O father! You would not forget (Sayyiduna) Yusuf علیہ السلام  even when you will be at the verge of demise.’ Upon hearing the comments of his sons and grandsons, he (Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  ) said, ‘I present the account of my grief and sorrow only to Allah and you don’t know what I know. O my sons! Go and search for Yusuf and his brother Binyameen, and do not become hopeless of the mercy of Allah because to lose hope of the mercy of Allah is the tradition of the unbelievers.’

Therefore, the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  again departed for Egypt. Reaching there, they said to the king of Egypt, ‘O king of Egypt! Our family has been struck with a serious infliction and we have brought some defective coins. Could you please give us some grain in charity?’ Upon hearing the miserable account of his home and hearing the word of charity from his brothers, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  became grief-stricken.

He علیہ السلام  asked the brothers, ‘Do you remember how you treated Yusuf and his brother Binyameen?’ Upon hearing this, the brothers curiously asked, ‘Are you definitely Yusuf?’ Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  replied, ‘Yes, I am Yusuf, and Binyameen is my brother. Allah has blessed us extensively.’ Hearing this account, the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  said with a deep and extreme sense of regret and remorse, ‘Undoubtedly, we are transgressors and Allah has blessed you with great excellence over us.’

After listening to the remorse and regret of his brothers, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  felt affection and said, ‘Today I will not condemn any of you. I have forgiven you for everything. May Allah forgive you all. Now go back home, take my shirt with you and put it on our father’s face. As a result, his eyesight will restore! Then bring all of the family members with you to Egypt.’

The elder brother Yahuda said, ‘I will carry this shirt to my father, because I was the one who dyed the shirt of (Sayyiduna) Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) in the blood of a goat and took it to him (Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  ). So the way I saddened him by giving him that shirt, today I will please him by taking this shirt to him.’ Yahuda took the shirt and returned home.

He placed the shirt on the face of his father and Sayyiduna Ya’qoob’s eyesight was restored. Then, after offering the Salah of Tahajjud, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  prayed for all of his sons and his supplication was accepted. Therefore, a Divine revelation descended upon Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  that the mischiefs of his sons have been forgiven.

Then preparations for departure to Egypt were commenced. Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  had already sent two hundred ridings with his brothers to bring his father and other family members. When Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  gathered his family members, they were seventy two or seventy three in number. Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  took them with him and left for Egypt.

Allah bestowed such blessings in the progeny of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  that when the Bani Israel left Egypt in the times of Sayyiduna Musa علیہ السلام  , they were more than six hundred thousand in number, although the period of Sayyiduna Musa علیہ السلام  is only four hundred years later than that when Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  left for Egypt.

When Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  reached near Egypt along with his family, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  welcomed him with four thousand army men and a lot of Egyptian riders. Egyptians were stood in rows and they were waving hundreds of silken expensive flags, and this procession accompanied the guests as they entered the city. Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  was coming taking support of the hands of his son ‘Yahuda’.

When Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  looked at the army men and riders, he علیہ السلام  inquired, ‘Is it the army of pharaoh of Egypt?’ Yahuda replied, ‘No, it is your son Yusuf who is coming with his army and riders to welcome you.’ When Sayyiduna Jibra`eel علیہ السلام  saw Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  in a state of surprise, he علیہ السلام  said, ‘O Prophet! Raise your gaze towards the skies and see how a huge number of angels are present to participate in this joyous hour. These angels had been weeping out of your grief since long.’ The sounds of the angels’ invocations, the clamour of the horses’ neighing and the beating of drums created a warming atmosphere.

When the father and the son came close to each other and Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  intended to pay Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  the compliments of Salam, Sayyiduna Jibra`eel علیہ السلام  said to Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , ‘Observe a pause and give your esteemed father the chance to convey his heartfelt greetings first.’ Thus, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  made Salam in these words

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَیْکَ یَا مُذْھِبَ الْاَحْزَانِ
i.e. O the reliever of all sorrows, peace be unto you.

Afterwards, the father and the son warmly embraced each other, and wept abundantly due to the overwhelming joy. They then went into a tent that was beautifully decorated and embellished for saying welcome. After staying there for a short while, they went to the royal palace.

Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  made his esteemed father sit onto the royal throne. All eleven brothers and the mother of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  sat around him and all of them prostrated simultaneously together in front of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  . At that time, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  addressed his esteemed father and said:

یاَ بَتِ ہٰذَا تَاۡوِیۡلُ رُءۡیَایَ مِنۡ قَبْلُ ۫ قَدْ جَعَلَہَا رَبِّیۡ حَقًّا ؕ وَقَدْ اَحْسَنَ بِیۡۤ اِذْ اَخْرَجَنِیۡ مِنَ السِّجْنِ وَجَآءَ بِکُمۡ مِّنَ الْبَدْوِ مِنۡۢ بَعْدِ اَنۡ نَّزَغَ الشَّیۡطٰنُ بَیۡنِیۡ وَبَیۡنَ اِخْوَتِیۡ ؕ اِنَّ رَبِّیۡ لَطِیۡفٌ لِّمَا یَشَآءُ ؕ اِنَّہٗ ہُوَ الْعَلِیۡمُ الْحَکِیۡمُ ﴿۱۰۰﴾

O my father! This is the interpretation of my first dream; indeed my Lord has made it true; and indeed He has bestowed favour upon me, that He brought me out of prison and brought you all from the village, after Satan had created dissention between me and my brothers; indeed my Lord may make easy whatever He wills; undoubtedly He is the All Knowing, the Wise.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 13, Surah Yusuf, verse 100)
i.e. my eleven brothers are stars, my father is the sun and my mother is the moon. They all are prostrating before me. Same was dreamt by him during childhood that the eleven stars, the sun and the moon were prostrating to him.
This historical event took place on the day of ‘Aashurah, the 10th of Muharram-ul-Haraam.

Demise of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام

Historians have reported that Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  stayed with his son, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  in Egypt with prosperity for twenty four years. When the time of his demise came closer, he علیہ السلام  mentioned in his will that his body should be taken to Syria and buried beside the grave of his father Sayyiduna Ishaaq علیہ السلام .

Therefore, after his demise, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob’s sacred body was carried from Egypt to Syria in a wooden coffin. Exactly at the same time, his brother ‘Ghays’ also passed away. The birth of both brothers had also taken place at the same time. Both of them were buried in the same grave.

Both brothers lived to an age of one hundred and forty seven years. Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  came back to Egypt after the burial of his father and uncle, and ruled Egypt for 23 years and then passed away.

Grave of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام

After the demise of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , a great dispute arose amongst people about the place of his burial. The people of every locality insisted that he علیہ السلام  should be buried in their locality in order to attain his blessings.

In the end, it was unanimously decided that he علیہ السلام  should be buried in the middle of the River Nile so that the water of the river may touch his sacred grave and consequently, all the people of Egypt may gain his blessings from that water. So, he علیہ السلام  was placed in a marble coffin and was buried in the middle of the River Nile.

This was until four hundred years. Then Sayyiduna Musa علیہ السلام  drew out the blessed coffin from the river and buried it amid the graves of his (Sayyiduna Yusuf’s) ancestors in Syria.

At the time of his demise, the blessed age of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was 120 years and his eminent father passed away at age of 147 years. His grandfather, Sayyiduna Ishaaq’s blessed age was 180 years, and the age of Sayyiduna Ibraheem, the grandfather of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  was 175 years.
(Ruh-ul-Bayan, vol. 4, pp. 324, part 13, Surah Yusuf, verse 100)


When the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام   threw him into the well and told their father Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  that a wolf has eaten him, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  suffered profound sorrow and grief. He علیہ السلام  wept for many days, and due to his weeping excessively, his eyesight became weak. After years, when the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  went to Egypt for the second time during the days of famine in order to gather rations, they recognized Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  and asked for forgiveness remorsefully. Whilst forgiving, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  said, ‘Today there is no rebuke against you. May Allah forgive you. He is the Most Merciful.’ When Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  enquired about his father Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  , then the brothers told him that due to prolonged weeping out of your grief, he has become frail, and his eyesight has also become very weak. Upon hearing the state of his father from his brothers, Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was very much grieved. He علیہ السلام  then said to his brothers:

Take along this shirt of mine, and put it on my father’s face, his vision will be restored; and bring your entire family to me.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 13, Surah Yusuf, verse 93)

The brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  took that shirt and left for Kin’aan from Egypt. Yahuda, one of the brothers of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , said, ‘I will take this shirt to Sayyiduna Ya’qoob (علیہ السلام  ) as I was the one who took the blood-stained shirt of Sayyiduna Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) to Sayyiduna Ya’qoob (علیہ السلام  ) after throwing him into the well. And I grieved him by saying that a wolf has eaten Sayyiduna Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ). So because I was responsible for his grief, therefore today, I will give the shirt to him and make him happy with the good news that Sayyiduna Yusuf (علیہ السلام  ) is still alive.’ Therefore, Yahuda took the shirt and ran bareheaded and barefoot for eighty furlongs. For the journey, he had seven breads as food, but due to his happiness and enthusiasm to reach his destination quickly, he could not even eat them. Completing his journey as quickly as he could, he reached the court of his esteemed father.

The moment Yahuda left Egypt for Kin’aan with the shirt, Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  smelt the fragrance of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  in Kin’aan and said to his grandchildren:

اِنِّیۡ لَاَجِدُ رِیۡحَ یُوۡسُفَ لَوْ لَا اَنۡ تُفَنِّدُوۡنِ ﴿94﴾ (پ13،یوسف:94)

Said, ‘Indeed I sense the fragrance of Yusuf, if you do not call me disorientated.’
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 13, Surah Yusuf, verse 94)

His grandchildren replied, ‘By Allah ( ), you are still in your old state of longing. Where is Yusuf and where is his fragrance? But, when Yahuda reached Kin’aan with the shirt, and the moment he put the shirt on the face of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  , the eyesight of Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  restored right away. Allah has said in the Holy Quran:

فَلَمَّاۤ اَنۡ جَآءَ الْبَشِیۡرُ اَلْقٰىہُ عَلٰی وَجْہِہٖ فَارْتَدَّ بَصِیۡرًا ۚ قَالَ اَلَمْ اَقُلۡ لَّکُمْ ۚۙ اِنِّیْۤ اَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللہِ مَا لَاتَعْلَمُوۡنَ ﴿96﴾ (پ13،یوسف:96)

Then when the bearer of glad tidings came, he laid that shirt on the face of Ya’qoob, he therefore immediately regained his eyesight; he said, ‘Did I not tell you? I know those glories of Allah which you do not know!’
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 13, Surah Yusuf, verse 96)

As soon as Yahuda left Egypt for Kin’aan with the shirt of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  , Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  smelt the fragrance of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  whilst being in Kin’aan! In this connection, Shaykh Sa’di علیہ الرحمۃ has quoted an inspiring parable which is very fascinating and eloquent.


ﮐﻪ اے ﻋﺎﻟﯽ ﮔﮩﺮ! ﭘﯿﺮﺧﺮد ﻣﻨﺪ ﯾﮑﮯ ﭘﺮﺳﯿﺪ ازاں ﮔﻢ ﮐﺮدہ ﻓﺮزﻧﺪ

Someone asked Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  , who had lost his son:
O grand and wise elder!

ی ﮐﻨﻌﺎﻧﺶ ﻧﺪﯾﺪﭼﺮادر ﭼﺎہِ زﻣﴫش ﺑﻮﺋﮯ ﭘﯿﺮاﮬﻦ ﺷﻤﯿﺪی

You smelt the fragrance of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  from the far and distanced land of Egypt, but when Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  was confined in a well in the land of Kin’aan and was in the close proximity to you, why did you not feel his fragrance? What is the reason behind this?

Sayyiduna Ya’qoob علیہ السلام  replied:

دﻣﮯ ﭘﯿﺪا و دﯾﮕﺮ دم ﻧﮭﺎن اﺳﺖ ﺑﮕﻔﺘﺎ ﺣﺎل ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮق ﺟﮭﺎن اﺳﺖ
ﮔﮭﮯ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺸﺖ ﭘﺎﺋﮯ ﺧﻮد ﻧﻪ ﺑﯿﻨﻢ ﯽ ﻧﺸﯿﻨﻢٰ اﻋﻠﻃﺎرمِ ﮔﮭﮯ ﺑﺮ

The state of we, the friends of Allah is like a lightning thunderbolt that appears and disappears instantly. Sometimes Allah blesses us with His Divine light and we sit on the skies, and the whole universe is displayed in front of us. And sometimes we go in an extreme state of enthralling contemplation and are drowned in the depths of His Being and Attributes to such an extent that we become unaware of everything else except Allah . Such a state overcomes us that we can’t even see our feet.

This is the reason that from Egypt, I smelt the fragrance of the shirt of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  because at that time, I was in the state of Kashf (spiritual intuition). But I could not feel the fragrance of Sayyiduna Yusuf علیہ السلام  from the well of Kin’aan because at that time, I was in the state of extreme meditation and my state was as if:

Mayn kis ki loon khabar, mujhay apni khabar nahin
Whom shall I take care of whilst I am unaware of even myself

Moral: There are two main lessons for us in this event:

  • There are many hidden blessings and virtues associated with the clothes and belongings of the chosen people of Allah. Therefore, preserving the clothes and other souvenirs of the holy saints (‘     ./ as a sacred thing, seeking blessings and bounties by virtue of them, as well as using these as a Wasilah (intermediary) to Allah is a proven tradition for harvesting the blessings and for acceptance of supplications.
  • The spiritual condition of the beloveds of Allah does not always remain the same. Sometimes, by virtue of Divine light in their souls, they enter in such a state that, they start observing each and every particle of the universe. And sometimes, they are engrossed in the Divine light of Allah to such an extent that they are drowned in the meditation of the light and lose their attention away from the entire universe. At that time, they are in such a state that they can’t see anything. And it happens to such a great extent that they even forget their own names.
    These two states of Sufism i.e. Kashfi (intuition) and Istaghraqi (meditation) are beyond the understanding of the common people. Only those people who have spiritual affiliations and the Islamic scholars or those who have experienced such things can understand. It is true:
    ﻣﮯ ﻧﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ﺑﺨﺪا ﺗﺎ ﻧﻪ ﭼﺸﯽﻟﺬتِ
    For such spiritual excellence, in addition to Zikr (remembrance of Allah ) and meditation, revival of heart by spiritual inspiration invoked by perfect Shaykh is necessary. The king of Sufism, Maulana Roomi   علیہ الرحمۃ has pointed towards this aspect as:

    روﺋﮯ دل را ﺟﺎﻧﺐ دﻟﺪار ﮐُﻦ ﺻﺪ ﮐﺘﺎب و ﺻﺪورق درﻧﺎر ﮐُﻦ
    And another mystic has mentioned that:
    از ﮐﻨﺰ و ﮬﺪاﯾﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻮاں ﯾﺎﻓﺖ ﺧﺪارا ﺳﯽ ﭘﺎرۂ دل ﺧﻮاں ﮐﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﮯ ﺑﻪ ازﯾﮟ ﻧﯿﺴﺖ

    It means that only reading ‘Kanz-ud-Daqaaiq’ and ‘Hidayah’ is not sufficient to seek Allah , in addition read the chapter of heart because there is no book better than this. But in this age of materialism, the flag-bearers of Sufism have badly harmed and deformed the noble concept of Sufism. Such people are fulfilling their worldly desires in guise of sainthood. They pose that one can only become a Shaykh by wearing multi-coloured and torn clothes and carrying rosary and staff.

    Haqiqat khurafaat mayn kho gayi
    Yeh Ummat riwayaat mayn kho gayi

    Truth is lost in uselessness
    This Ummah is lost in false traditions

The same dream during three nights

On the eighth night of Żul-Hajj, Sayyidunā Ibrāĥīm عَـلَيْـهِ الـصَّلٰوة ُ وَالـسَّلَام dreamt that someone said, ‘Indeed Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has ordered you to slaughter your son.’ From dawn to dusk, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام continued to contemplate whether the dream was from Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ or from satan. This is the reason why eighth Żul-Hajj was named

‘يَوۡمُ التَّرۡوِيَه’

, i.e. the day of contemplation. On the ninth night of Żul-Hajj, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام had the same dream and was convinced that the dream was from Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, which is why ninth Żul-Hajj is referred to as

‘يَوۡمِ عَرَفَه’

, i.e. the day of recognition. After he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام had the same dream once again on tenth Żul-Hajj, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام made a firm intention of sacrificing his son, which is why tenth Żul-Hajj is called

‘يَوۡمُ النَّحۡر’

, i.e. the day of slaughter. (Tafsīr Kabīr, vol. 9, pp. 346)