When the girl spit in the well…!!

Hazrat Sayyidnah Shaykh Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al-Jazuli (May Allah have mercy on him) said: I was on a journey, it was time to pray at a place, there was a well, but there was no Bucket and a rope. I was worried that a girl peeked over a house and asked: What are you looking for? I said: Daughter! rope and bucket. She asked: Your name? I said: Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al-Jazuli.

The girl said with astonishment: Well you are the one whose fame is ringing, but the fact is that water can not get out of the well! Saying that she spit in the well, got amazing! The water finally came up. After doing wudu ‘I said to the girl: Daughter! Tell me the truth, how did you achieve this feat? She said: “I often read the greetings, and with his blessing it has been done.” I say: I was pledged to be blessed with this “girl”. (Then he wrote Darud Sharif’s book “Dalail-ul-Khairat”).( Sa’ad-ud-din Aryan)

May Allah have mercy on them and their charity is our undeserved forgiveness. Amen

Unity

Within the Muslim Community today, it has become a fashionable past-time to speak about unity and harmony. To merely speak of unity and to practically establish unity are two different things. The basis of unity, in the Muslim Community, lies on IMAN (Belief) and AQEEDAH (The Fundamental Articles of Faith). Any other attempt to unite Muslims on other grounds would most definitely result in failure.
Whilst various religious groups and bodies engage themselves in producing new magical formulae to bring about unity and harmony in the community, the degree of discord and disunity increases in leaps and bounds! The truth is that the spirit of unity has to emanate from the innermost sanctum of the heart. When such a spirit of unity envelopes Iman, Aqeedah and purpose, then a sincere yearning for Amal(Action) is produced which leads to the establishment of unity on a very solid and unshakeable foundation.
But, where sincerity is replaced with selfish motives; truth with hypocrisy; the yearning to follow Allah’s Command replaced with the yearning to acquire leadership and fame; the spirit of gaining Allah’s Pleasure replaced with the spirit of acquiring and accumulating wealth; the real unity, the true love and harmony would only be within the realm of our dreams and could never become a reality. The history of the Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and his illustrious Companions (radi Allahu anhumul ajma’in) is filled with the examples of the successful unification of Muslims based on selflessness and striving to gain Allah’s Pleasure.
Today’s modern proponents of unity, harbor ulterior motives whereby Islamic principles are sacrificed and Iman is compromised to please others for the sake of personal gain.
In place of Iman and Aqeedah, monetary gains and common ulterior motives are used as the basis of getting together Muslims. This hypocritical type of unity is and will always be unstable, unfruitful and create discord amongst the Muslims.

DUA: A Communication between you and you lord

In this world if you have to communicate with someone you need to learn the language of that person. An English speaker cannot understand Italian and a Spanish cannot understand Bengal – How limited a human is in his understanding! But our lord understand all the languages. Whether we make Dua in Italian, Spanish, Bengali, He understands all. His capabilities are beyond our imagination. We cannot comprehend this wisdom behind His tasks.
“DUA” is the direct way of asking your lord what you want. It is not only the way of asking but it acts as a bridge between you and your lord.
“A bridge of communication. At many times in Holy Quran. It has been emphasized on the importance to make Dua.
Allah says in Quran;
“When my servants ask you concerning me, (tell them) I am indeed close (to them). I listen to the prayer of every suppliant then he calls on me.” (2: 186)
Allah feels pleasure when His servants make supplication to Him. It makes a bond between you and your creator. With every time you make dua, your relation gets slinger. Allah never rejects your prayer. There is always a response. Sometimes Allah delays what you asked Him because It was not the right time. Sometimes you are asking for something but Allah wants to give a lot so He makes you wait. A Muslim believes in this thing that his prayer is never rejected. There is always a response to it. Allah is omnipresent and omnipotent. He is Gracious and merciful. He is listening to all His servants, including the arrogant and submissive.
Prophet ﷺ.
“Ask Allah for everything even the lace of your shoes. If Allah does not provide, it will never be available. (Ibn-al-sunni)”

Blessings of Jumuah

Excellence of Reciting Durud Sharif on Friday

The Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah ﷺ said, ‘The one who recites Durud Sharif 200 times upon me on Friday, his 200 years’ sins will be forgiven.’ (Kanz-ul-‘Ummah, pp. 256, vol. 1, Hadis 2238)

Jumuah
Jumuah

Dear Islamic brothers! How fortunate we are Allahعزوجل  has blessed us with the favor of Jumu’a-tul-Mubarak for the sake of His beloved Rasul ﷺ. Regretfully, like other ordinary days, we spend even Friday heedlessly whereas it is a day of Eid, it is superior to all other days, the fire of Hell is not blazed up on Friday and the gates of Hell are not opened on Friday night. On the day of resurrection, Friday will be brought in the form of a bride; the fortunate Muslim dying on Friday attains the rank of martyrdom and remains safe from the torment of the grave.
The renowned Mufassir, Hakim-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khanرحمۃُ اللہ تَعالیٰ عَلیہ  says, “The Sawab of the Hajj performed on Friday is equivalent to that of 70 Hajj as the Sawab of a single good deed performed on Friday is enhanced 70 times.” (As Friday is an immensely sacred day, therefore,) The punishment of a sin committed on Friday as also increased 70 times. (Derived from Mirah, vol. 2, pp. 323, 325, 336)

How can words express the excellence of Friday! By the name of Jumuah, Allah عزوجل has revealed a complete Surah that is present in the 28th part of the Holy Quran. Allah عزوجل says the 9th Ayah of Sura-tul-Jumuah:

Jumuah
Jumuah

When did our Prophet Perform his First Jumuah Salah?

Hadrat ‘Allamah Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Naim-ud-Din Muradabadi  عَلیہِ رَحمَۃُ اللہِ الھَادِی says, “When Makki Madani Mustafa ﷺ was on his way to Madinah for migration, he stopped at a place called Quba at the time of “Chasht” on Monday, 12th Rabi’-ul-Awwal. He ﷺ stayed there for four days (Monday to Thursday); during the stay, he ﷺ laid the foundation stone of a Masjid. On Friday, he ﷺ proceeded towards Madinah. When they reached the area of the Bani Salim Ibn-e-‘Awf, it was time to offer the Jumuah Salah; people consecrated that place of Masjid where the Holy Prophet ﷺ offered the (first) Jumuah Salah and delivered a sermon.” (Khazain-ul-‘Irfan, p. 665)
اَلحمدُللہ عَزوجَل! The glorious Masjid-e-Jumuah still exists there; the visitors behold the Masjid for the attainment of blessings and offer Nafl Salah over there.

Meaning of the Word Jumuah

Jumuah
Jumuah

The renowned Mufassir, Hakim-ul-Ummat Hadrat Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan عَلَیہِ رَحمۃُ الحَنان writes, “As all the creatures assembled in their beings on this day and the completion of the creation took place on the very same day, clay for Hadrat Sayyiduna Adamعلیہ السلام  was also collected on this day; similarly, people congregate and perform the Friday

Salah on this day; therefore, it is called Jumuah on account of the aforementioned reasons. Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs used to call it ‘Arubah.” (Mirat-ul Manajih, pp. 317, vol. 2)

How Many Times Exalted Rasul Offered Jumuah Salah?

The Rasul of mankind, the peace of our heart and mind, the most generous and kind ﷺ offered almost 500 Jumuah Salah in his apparent life as offering of Jumuah Salah commenced subsequent to the migration after which the total period of the apparent life of the Holy Prophet ﷺ is ten years and there are 500 Fridays in ten years’ period. (Mirah, vol. 2, pp. 346, Lam’at, vol. 4, pp. 190, Hadis 1415)

Seal on Heart

Makki Madani Mustafa ﷺ said, “The one abandoning three Jumuah’s Salah out of laziness, Allah عزوجل will seal his heart.” (Jami’ Tirmizi, pp. 38, vol. 2, Hadis 500)
Jumuah Salah is Fard-e-‘Ain and its Fardiyyat (obligation) is more emphatic than that of Sala-tul-Zuhar; the denier of its obligation is Kafir (disbeliever). (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 5, vol. 3, Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 762, vol. 1)

The Excellence of Wearing Turban on Friday

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “Indeed, Allah عزوجل and His Angels send Durud upon those who wear turban on Friday.” (Majma’-uz-Zawaid, pp. 394, vol. 2, Hadis 3075)

Cure is Bestowed

Hadrat Sayyiduna Humaid bin ‘Abd-ur-Rahmanرَضیَ اللہ عَنھَا  narrates via his father, “The one who trims his nails on Friday, Allah عزوجل will remove his disease and bless him with cure.” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, pp. 65, vol. 2)

Protection from Afflictions up to Ten Days

Sadr-us-Shariah Hadrat Maulana Muhammad Amjab ‘Ali A’zami رَحمَۃُ اللہ تَعَالیٰ عَلَیہ  states, “A blessed Hadis says that the one who trims his nails on Friday, Allah عزوجل will protect him from afflictions up to the next Friday including three more days, i.e. ten days in total.
In accordance with one more narration, ‘The one trimming his nails on Friday, mercy will approach (him) and (his) sins will be removed. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 226, part. 16, Dur-re-Mukhtar-o-Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 668, 669, vol. 9)

It is preferable to have hair and nails trimmed after Jumuah Salah. (Durr-e-Mukhtar ma’ Rad-dul-Muhtar, V9, P581, Multan)

A Cause of Reduction in Sustenance

Sadr-ush-Shari’ah Hadrat Maulana Muhammad Amjad ‘Ali A’zami رَحمۃُاللہ تَعَالیٰ عَلَیہ says, “Although it is preferable to trim nails on Friday, yet if the nails are very long; one should not wait till Friday as growing long nails is a cause of reduction in sustenance.” (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 225, part. 16)

Angels Write the Names of the Fortunate Ones

The beloved and blessed Prophet ﷺ said, “On the day of Friday, the angels deputed at gateway of the Masjid write the names of comers. The early comer is like the one who gives Sadaqah of a camel in the path of Allah عَزوجَل. The next comer is like the one who gives a cow and then the next one is like the donor of a sheep; then the next one is like the donor of a hen and then the next one is like that of an egg. When the Imam sits (to deliver the sermon), the angels close the books of deeds and come to listen to the sermon.” (Sahih Bukhari, pp. 319, vol. 1,  Hadiš 929)

The renowned Mufassir, Hakim-ul-Ummat Hazrat Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Na‘imi رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “Some Scholars have said that the angels stay (at the doors of the Masjid) from dawn whereas some other opine they stay from sunrise; the stronger opinion, however, is that they come and stay when the sun begins to decline (from zenith) because it is the instant when timing of Jumuah (Salah) begins.” The foregoing narration also clearly indicates that those angels know the names of every comer. It is noteworthy that if 100 people enter the Masjid initially, they all would be regarded as the first-comer. (Mirat-ul Manajih, pp. 335, vol. 2)

The Enthusiasm for Offering Jumuah Salah in the First Century

Hujja-tul-Islam Hazrat Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Ghazali رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “During the first century, people used to proceed towards the Main Masjid at the time of Sahri and after Salah-tul-Fajr holding lamps in their hands for offering Salah-tul Jumuah. There used to be so huge crowd in the streets that it would seem as if it was the day of Eid, but gradually, this spirit died out. Thus, it is said that the very first Bid’at(innovation) that evolved in Islam is the abandonment of early proceeding towards the Main Masjid. Regretfully, the Muslims do not feel ashamed that Jews proceed towards their places of worship in the early morning on Saturday and Sunday; further, seekers of worldly luxuries also head towards the marketplace in the early morning for trading and earning wealth; so, why don’t the seekers of the Hereafter compete with such people!” (Ihya-ul-‘Ulum, pp. 246, vol. 1)

Hajj of the Poor

Hazrat Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas رَضی اللہ عَنھُمَا narrates that the Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most generous and kind ﷺ said:

Jumuah
Jumuah

Sala-tul-Jumuah is the Hajj of Masakin (destitute) (Tarikh-e-Dimshq, vol. 38, pp. 431) and in another narration, it is stated that Sala-tul-Jumuah is the Hajj of Fuqarah (poor).
(Kanz-ul-‘Ummah, pp. 290, vol. 7, Hadis 21027)

Proceeding for Jumuah Salah early is Equivalent to Hajj

The beloved and blessed Prophet ﷺ said, “No doubt, there is one Hajj and one ‘Umrah for you on every Friday. Therefore, early proceeding for Sala-tul-Jumuah is (equivalent to) Hajj and waiting for ‘Asr Salah having offered Sala-tul-Jumuah is (equivalent to) ‘Umrah.”
(Sunan Kubra, pp. 342, vol. 3,  Hadiš 5950)

The Šawab of Hajj and ‘Umrah’

Hujja-tul-Islam Hazrat Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Ghazali عَلَیہِ رَحمۃُ اللہِ الوَالی says, “(Having offered Sala-tul-Jumuah) one should remain in the Masjid till Sala-tul-‘Asr and staying in the Masjid till Sala-tul-Maghrib is even more preferable. It is said that the one who offers Sala-tul-Jumuah in the Main Masjid, stays there afterwards and offers Sala-tul-‘Asr in the same Main Masjid, there is the Šawab of Hajj for him, and the one who stays till Sala-tul-Maghrib and offers Maghrib Salah in the same Masjid, there is the Šawab of Hajj and ‘Umrah for him.” (Ihya-ul-‘Ulum, pp. 249, vol. 1) A Masjid where Sala-tul-Jumuah is offered is called a Jama’ (Main) Masjid.

The Superior Day

The Prophet of mankind, the peace of our heart and mind, the most generous and kind ﷺ said, “Friday is superior to all other days; it is most magnificent (of all days) in the court of Allah عَزوجَل. It is superior to even Eid-ul-Adha and Eid-ul-Fitr. It has five particular features:

  1. Allah عَزوجَل created Sayyiduna Adam عَلیہِ السلاَم on this day.
  2. Sayyiduna Adam عَلیہِ السلاَم descended upon the earth on this day.
  3. Sayyiduna Adam عَلیہِ السلاَم passed away on the same day.
  4. On Friday, there is one such moment in which if someone prays for anything, he will be granted whatever he asked for, provided he does not ask for anything Haram.
  5. The Judgment Day will take place on Friday.

There is no such distinguished angel, the sky, the earth, wind, mountain and river that does not fear Friday.” (Sunan Ibn Majah, pp. 8, vol. 2, Hadis 1084)

According to another narration, the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “There is no animal that does not scream from dawn to sunrise every Friday out of the fear of the Day of Judgment, except man and Jin.”
(Muata Imam Malik, pp. 115, vol. 1, Hadis 246)

Supplications are Fulfilled

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “On Friday, there is one such a moment which if a Muslim gets and asks Allah عَزوجَل for anything in that moment, Allah عَزوجَل will definitely grant him. That moment is very short.” (Sahih Muslim, pp. 424,  Hadiš 852)

Saying of the Author of Bahar-e-Shariat

Hadrat Sadr-ush-Shariah Maulana Muhammad Amjad ‘Ali A’zami رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “There are two very strong statements concerning the instant in which supplication is fulfilled (on Friday):

  1. From the moment when the Imam sits for the sermon to the end of the Salah.
  2. The last instant of Friday.
    (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 754, vol. 1)

Which the Moment of Acceptance?

The renowned Mufassir Hakim-ul-Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Naimi رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “At night there comes a moment during which Du’a (supplication) is answered but Friday is the only day which has such a moment during the day time. However, it is not known for sure as to which moment it actually is. The strong likelihood is that it is either between two sermons or a short while before Maghrib.” Commenting on another Hadis, the reverent Mufti says that there are forty different opinions of scholars regarding this moment, out of which two are the most likely; as per one opinion, it is between two sermons while, according to the other, it is at the time of sunset.
(Mirat-ul Manajih, pp. 319, 320, vol. 2)

A Parable

Hazrat Sayyidatuna Fatimah Zahra رَضی اللہُ عَنھا used to sit in her Hujrah (small room) a short while prior to sunset and would ask Fiddah رَضی اللہُ عَنھا, her maid, to stand outside; as the sun begins to set, Fiddah رَضی اللہُ عَنھا would inform her about it and Hazrat Sayyidah رَضی اللہُ عَنھا would raise her blessed hands for supplication. (Mirat-ul Manajih, pp. 320, vol. 2) It is better to ask a concise supplication at that moment; for instance the following Quranic supplication:

Jumuah
Jumuah

One can recite Durud Sharif as well with the intention of supplication as Durud Sharif is itself a magnificent supplication. It is preferable to supplicate between both sermons by heart without raising hands and without uttering anything verbally.

14 Million & 400 Thousands Released from Hell Every Friday

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “There are 24 hours in day and night of Friday, there is not a single such hour in which Allah عَزوَجل does not release six hundred thousand (such sinners) from Hell for whom Hell had become due.” (‘Ali Mausili, Musnad Abi Ya’la, pp. 291, 235, vol. 3, Hadis 3421-3471)

Security from Grave Torment

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who dies during the day or night of Friday, he will be saved from the torment of the grave and will be resurrected on the day of judgment with the seal of martyrs.” (Hilyat-ul-Awliya, pp. 181, vol. 3, Hadis 3629)

Sins between two Fridays Forgiven

Hadrat Sayyiduna Salman Farsi رَضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہُ  narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who takes bath on Friday, attains the purity (sanctification) that was possible for him, applies oil and perfume available at home, heads (towards the Masjid) to offer Salah, does not cause separation between two people, i.e. does not sit between two people by intrusion, offers the Salah ordained for him and stays silent during the Imam’s sermon, his sins committed between this Friday and the previous one will be forgiven.”  (Sahih Bukhari, pp. 306, vol. 1, Hadis 883)

Sawab of 200 Years’ Worship

Hazrat Sayyiduna Siddiq-e-Akbar and Hazrat Sayyiduna ‘Imran bin Hasin رَضی اللہ عَنھُمَا narrate that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one taking bath on Friday, his sins and misdeeds are removed; when he proceeds (to offer Salah) 20 good deeds are written for his every step.” (Mu’jam Kabir, pp. 139, vol. 18, Hadis 292) According to another narration, the Sawab of 20 years’ good deeds is written for his every step.

When he finishes the Salah, he is given the Sawab of 200 years’ worship. (Al-Mu’jam-ul-Awsat-lit-Tabrani, pp. 314, vol. 2, Hadiš 3397)

Deeds Presented to Deceased Parents Every Friday

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “(Your) Deeds are presented before Allah عَزوجَل every Monday and Thursday whereas they are presented to the Prophets عَلیہمُ السَلام‑ and parents every Friday. Pleased by (your) good deeds, the beauty and brilliance of their faces enhance. Therefore, fear Allah عَزوجَل and do not grieve your deceased ones by committing sins.” (Nawadir-ul-Usul, pp. 260, vol. 2)

Five Special Good Deeds for Friday

Hazrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa‘id  رَضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہُ narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who performs five deeds in a day, Allah will write (his name) amongst the dwellers of Heaven: (The deeds are as follows):

  1. Visiting a sick person.
  2. Attending a funeral Salah.
  3. Offering the Jumu’ah Salah.
  4. Freeing a slave. (Sahih ibn Hibban, vol. 4, pp. 191, Hadiš 2760)

Heaven Becomes Due

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Umamah رَضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہُ narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who offers Jumuah Salah, fasts (on the same day), visits a sick person, participates in a funeral and attends a Nikah (marriage) ceremony, Heaven will become due for him.” (Mu’jam Kabir, pp. 97, vol. 8, Hadis 7484)

Avoid Fasting on Friday Alone

It is Makruh-e-Tanzihi to fast specifically on Friday or Saturday alone. However, if Friday or Saturday falls on any sacred date such as 15th Sha’ban or 27th Rajab etc. there is no harm in fasting on these days. The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, ‘Friday is Eid for you. Do not fast on this day unless you add another fast on its preceding or succeeding day.” (Attarghib Wattarhib, pp. 81, vol. 2, Hadis 11)

Sawab of 10,000 Years’ Fasts

Ala Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza khanعَلَیہِ رَحمۃُ الرَحمٰن  says, “It is narrated that the fast of Friday together with that of Thursday or Saturday is equivalent to 10,000 years’ fasts.” (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jadid), pp. 653, vol. 10)

Sawab of Visiting Parents’ Graves on Friday

The Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah ﷺ said, “The one who visits the graves of either of or both of his parents on every Friday, Allah عَزوجَل will forgive his sins and his name will be written as one of those behaving their parents well.” (Al-Mu’jam-ul-Awsat-lit-Tabrani, pp. 321, vol. 4, Hadis 6114)

Sawab of Reciting Sura-e-Yasin (سورہ یٰسین) Beside the Graves of Parent

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who visits the graves of either of or both of his deceased parents of Friday and recites Surah Yasin over there, will be forgiven.” (Al-Kamil fi Du’fa-ir-Rijal, vol. 6, pp. 260)

Forgiveness 3000 Times

The beloved and blessed Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who visits the graves of either of or both of his parents on every Friday and recites Surah Yasin over there, Allah عَزوجَل will bless him with forgiveness equivalent to the total number of Surah Yasin’s letters.” (Ithaf-us-Sadat-il-Muttaqin, pp. 272, vol. 14)

Dear Islamic brothers! The one who visits the grave of either of or both of his deceased parents on Friday and recites Surah Yasin over there, he will be successful. اَلحمدُلِلہ عَزوَجَل there are 5 Ruku (sections), 83 verses, 729 words, and 3000 letters in Surah Yasin, if these figures are correct before Allah عَزوجَل, the recite will get the Sawab of 3000 forgiveness.

Souls Congregate

The one who recites Surah Yasin during the day of Friday or at Friday-night (the night between Thursday and Friday) will be forgiven. (Attarghib Wattarhib, pp. 298, vol. 1, Hadis 4) Since souls congregate on Friday, one should visit graves on this day; further, Hell is not blazed up on this day.(Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 49, vol. 3)

A’la-Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan عَلیہ رَحمۃُ الرَحمٰن says, “The best time of visiting graves is the post-morning-Salah time on Friday.” (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jadid), pp. 523, vol. 9)

Excellence of Reciting Sura-tul-Kahf(سورہ الکھف)

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar رَضی اللہُ عَنھُما narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one reciting Surah Kahf on Friday, Nur (Refulgence) will elevate from his feet up to the sky that will be brightened for him on the Day of Judgment and his sins committed between two Fridays will be forgiven.” (Attarghib Wattarhib, pp. 298, vol. 1, Hadis 2)

Nur between Two Fridays

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id رَضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہُ narrates that Exalted Prophet ﷺ said, “The one who recites Surah Kahf on Friday, Nur will be brightened for him between two Fridays.” (Sunan Kubra, pp. 353, vol. 3, Hadis 5996)

Nur up to the Ka’bah

Another narration says: “The one reciting Surah Kahf on Friday-night (the night between Thursday and Friday), Nur will be brightened for him from where he is present up to the blessed Ka’bah.” (Sunan Darimi, pp. 546, vol. 2, Hadis 3407)

Excellence of Sura-e-Hamim Addukhan (سورہ حم الدخان)

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Umamah رَضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہُ narrates that Holy Prophet ﷺ said: “The one reciting Surah-e-Hamim Addukhan on Friday or Friday-night, Allah عَزوَجَل will make a house for him in Heaven.” (Mu’jam Kabir, pp. 264, vol. 8, Hadis 8026)

One more narration says that he will be forgiven. (Jami’ Tirmizi, pp. 407, vol. 4, Hadis 2898)

Forgiveness Asked by 70,000 Angels

The Holy Prophet ﷺ said: “The on reciting Surah Hamim Addukhan on night 70,000 Angels will do Istighfar (ask for forgiveness) for him.” (Jami’ Tirmizi, pp. 406, vol. 4, Hadis 2897)

All Sins Forgiven

Hadrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik رَضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہُ narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “The one reciting اَستَغفِرُاللہَ الَذِی لَااِلٰہَ اِلَاھُوَوَاَتُوبُ اِلَیہ three times before Fajr Salah on Friday, his sins will be forgiven, even if they exceed the foam of the ocean.” (Al-Mu’jam-ul-Awsat-lit-Tabrani, pp. 392, vol. 5, Hadis 7717)

After the Jumuah Salah

Allah عَزوَجَل says in the 10th verse of Sura-tul-Jumuah (Part 28):

Jumuah
Jumuah

Commenting on the foregoing Ayah, Hadrat ‘Allamah Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Na’im-ud-Din Muradabadi رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ writes in Khaza-ain-ul-‘Irfan, ‘Having offered Friday Salah, it is permissible for you to occupy yourselves in earning livelihood, or gain Sawab by acquiring (religious) knowledge, visiting the sick, attending funerals, visiting scholars or performing other such pious deeds.’

 

Attending a Gathering of Islamic Knowledge

Attending a gathering of religious knowledge after Friday Salah is preferable. Therefore, Hujja-tul-Islam Hazrat Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Ghazali رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ narrates that Hazrat Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “This verse does not refer to worldly trade and business (only), rather, it refers to seeking knowledge, visiting brothers, visiting the sick, attending funerals and carrying out other such activities.” (Kimiya-e-Sa’adat, pp. 191, vol. 1)

 

Dear Islamic brothers! There are eleven conditions for rendering Jumuah Salah Wajib; if even either of them is not found, it will no longer remain Fard. However, if someone still offers it, his Salah will be valid; and it is preferable for (such) a sane, adult male (for whom Jumuah is not Fard on account of the absence of any condition) to offer Jumuah Salah. If a minor offers Jumuah Salah, it will be regarded as Nafl because Salah is not Fard for him. (Dur-re-Mukhtar-o-Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 30, vol. 3)

11 Pre-Conditions for the Obligation of Jumuah Salah

  1. Being settled in city
  2. Health (Sala-tul-Jumuah is not Fard for a patient. Here, patient refers to the person who cannot get to the Masjid where Sala-tul-Jumuah is held or even though he can get to the Masjid, it will result in the prolongation of his disease or delay in cure. The ruling of patient applies to Shaykh-e-Fani as well).
  3. Being a free person (Sala-tul-Jumuah is not Fard for a slave; his master can prevent him.)
  4. Being a man
  5. Being an adult
  6. Being Sane (The foregoing two conditions, i.e. adulthood and sanity are necessary not only for the obligation of Sala-tul-Jumuah but also for every other worship.)
  7. Having the faculty of sight
  8. Having the capability to walk
  9. Not being imprisoned
  10. Not having the fear of the king, thief etc. or that of any oppressor.
  11. Not having the true fear of harm due to rainfall, snowfall, tornado or cold weather. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 770, 772, vol. 1)

Those for whom Salah is Fard but Sala-tul-Jumuah is not Fard on account of any Shar’i exemption, are not exempted from Zuhr Salah on Friday; such people have to offer Zuhr Salah in lieu of Sala-tul-Jumuah.

The Sunan and Mustahab-bat of Friday

The Mustahab-bat of Jumuah include proceeding to offer Sala-tul-Jumuah in initial time, using Miswak, wearing nice white clothes, applying oil and fragrance sitting in the first Saf(row) while having a bath is Sunnah. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 149, vol. 1, Ghunyah, pp. 559)

The Time of Ghusl on Friday?

Hakim-ul-Ummat Hazrat Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “Some scholars رَحمَھُمُ اللہ تَعَالیٰ say that having a bath on Friday is a Sunnah for Friday Salah, not for Friday itself, (therefore) having a bath on Friday is not a Sunnah for those for whom Sala-tul-Jumuah is not Fard. According to some scholars رَحمَھُمُ اللہ تَعَالیٰ, one should have bath on Friday close to the time of Sala-tul-Jumuah so that he offers the Salah with the same Wudu (made during the bath). However, the most authentic verdict is that the time for Friday’s bath starts from the break of dawn.” (Mirah, pp. 334, vol. 2)

The foregoing account also clarifies that Friday’s bath is not a Sunnah for women, travelers etc. for whom Friday Salah is not Wajib.

Friday’s Bath is Sunnat-e-Ghair Muakkadah

‘Allamah ibn ‘Abidin Shami رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “Having a bath for Jumuah Salah is one of the Sunan-e-Zawaid; (and therefore) the abandoner of Friday’s bath will not be objected to.” (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 339, vol. 1)

The Excellence of Sitting Closer During the Sermon

Hazrat Sayyiduna Samurah bin Jundab رَضِیَ اللہُ تعالیٰ عَنہُ narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “Be present at the time of the sermon and sit close to the Imam because the farther a person remains from the Imam, the later he will enter Heaven, though he (a Muslim) will definitely enter the Heaven.” (Sunan Abu Dawud, pp. 410, vol. 1, Hadis 1108)

No Šawab of Jumuah

The one who talks while the Imam is delivering the sermon is like a donkey carrying a burden. Similarly, the one asking his companion to get silent during the sermon will not gain the Šawab of Jumuah (Salah). (Musnad Imam Ahmad, pp. 494, vol. 1, Hadis 2033)

Listening to the Sermon Silently is Fard

The acts that are Haram during Salah such as eating, drinking, greeting, saying Salam, replying to Salam and even inspiring someone to righteousness are Haram during the sermon as well. However, the Khatib (the deliverer of sermon) can inspire someone to righteousness. It is Fard for all the attendees to listen and remain silent while the sermon is being delivered. Staying silent is Wajib even for those present so far from the Imam that they cannot listen to the sermon. If someone is seen committing any misdeed, he may be prevented either by the gesture of hand or nod of head; preventing him by uttering any word or sound is not permissible. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 774, vol. 1, Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 39, vol. 3)

Listener of Sermon is not allowed to Recite Even Durud Sharif

If the Khatib mentioned the blessed name of the Exalted ﷺ Prophet during the sermon, the listeners should recite Durud in their hearts; reciting Durud verbally at that time is not allowed. Likewise, uttering عَلَیھِمُ الرِضوَان is not allowed on listening to the blessed names of companions of the Exalted Prophet during the sermon. (Bahare-Shari’at, pp. 775, vol. 1, Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 40, vol. 3)

Listening to the Nikah Sermon is Wajib

In addition to the sermon delivered for Sala-tul-Jumuah, it is also Wajib to listen to other sermons such as the ones delivered for Eid Salah, Nikah (Islamic Marriage) etc. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 40, vol. 3)

Business Becomes Impermissible as Soon as the First Azan is Uttered

As soon as the first Azan is uttered, it is Wajib to start making effort to get to the Masjid for offering Sala-tul-Jumuah; it is also Wajib to put off trading and other activities contrary to the preparations for Sala-tul-Jumuah. Similarly, sale and purchase while proceeding to Masjid is also impermissible and trading in the Masjid is a severe sin. If the one having meal hears the voice of Azan for Sala-tul-Jumuah and fears that he may miss Sala-tul-Jumuah in case of having meal, he has to stop eating and proceed to the Masjid for offering Sala-tul-Jumuah. One should get to the Masjid in a dignified manner for Sala-tul-Jumuah. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 775, vol. 1, Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 42, vol. 3, ‘Alamgiri, pp. 149, vol. 1)

These days, people have drifted away from religious knowledge; like other worships, people commit sins as a result of making mistakes in listening to sermon. Therefore, it is my humble request that the Khatib (deliverer of sermon) make following announcement every Friday prior to the Azan of Khutbah before sitting on the pulpit and earn hoards of Šawab:

Seven Madani Pearls of Sermon

  1. A Hadis says, “The one who passes over people’s necks on Friday, makes a bridge towards Hell.” (Jami’ Tirmizi, pp. 48, vol. 2, Hadis 513)
    One of the explanations of this Hadis is that people will enter the Hell trampling up on him. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 761, 762, vol. 1)
  2. To sit facing the Khatib is a Sunnah of the blessed Companions عَلَیھِمُ الرِضوَان.
  3. Some of our past saints رَحمَھُمُ اللہ تَعَالیٰ said, “One should listen to the sermon in the sitting-posture (as one sits in Qa’dah), folding hands (under navel) during the first sermon and placing them on thighs during the second; he will earn the Šawab of offering two rakat Salah. (Mirat-ul Manajih, pp. 338, vol. 2)
  4. A’la-Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan عَلیہ رَحمۃُ الرَحمٰن says, “When one hears the blessed name of the Holy Prophet ﷺ during the sermon, he should recite Durud in his heart as it is Fard to remain silent during sermon.” (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 365, vol. 8)
  5. It is stated in ‘Durr-e-Mukhtar, “During the sermon, eating, drinking, talking (even sayingسُبحٰنَ اللہ ) replying to someone’s greeting, and inspiring others towards righteousness, all are Haram.” (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 39, vol. 3)
  6. A’la Hazrat رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “Walking during the sermon is Haram. The reverent scholars رَحمَھُمُ اللہ تَعَالیٰ even say that if someone enters the Masjid during the sermon, he must stop wherever he is without proceeding further as walking would be an act and no act is permissible during the sermon.” (Fatawa Ra6awiyyah (Jad id), pp. 333,vol. 8)
  7. A’la Hazrat رَحمَۃُ اللہ تعالیٰ عَلیہ says, “During the sermon, even looking somewhere turning the head is Haram.” (ibid, pp. 334)

An Important Ruling of Leading Sala-tul-Jumuah

With regard to the leading of Sala-tul-Jumuah there is an important matter of which people are quite inattentive. Sala-tul-Jumuah is considered like other Salah and everyone is allowed to lead Sala-tul-Jumuah; it is impermissible as leading Sala-tul-Jumuah is one of the responsibilities of the Islamic ruler or his deputy. In the states where Islamic Sovereignty does not exist, the greatest Sunni Scholar having correct beliefs can lead Sala-tul-Jumuah as he is the substitute of the Islamic ruler in issuing Shar’i rulings; Sala-tul-Jumuah cannot be held without his permission. If there is no such scholar, the one appointed by common people can lead the Salah. In spite of the presence of a scholar, people cannot themselves appoint anyone else, nor can just a few people appoint someone as the Imam on their own behalf. Holding Sala-tul-Jumuah in this way is not proven (in Islamic history). (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 764, vol. 1)

The Method of Replying to Azan and Iqamat

Excellence of Replying to Azan

The Holy Prophet  صلى الله علیہ وسلم once said, “O women! Whenever you hear Bilal uttering Azan and Iqamat, you should also say what he says as Allah عزوجل will write one hundred thousand good deeds for you for every Kalimah, raise your one thousand ranks and will remove your one thousand sins.” Listening to this, the women asked, “This (Sawab) is for women; what is for men?” The beloved and blessed Prophet  صلى الله علیہ وسلم replied, “There is double (Sawab) for men.”
(Tarikh-e-Dimshq la bin Asakir, pp. 75, vol, 55)

Earn 30 Milion and 24 Hundred Thousand Good Deeds

The Muazzin should utter the Kalimat of Azan with pauses. اللهُ اكبراللهُ اكبر ( when uttered together without a pause ) are considered one Kalimah. After uttering this, he should take a pause for the amount of time in which the replier can reply. Not taking the pause is Makruh and therefore, repeating such Azan is Mustahab. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 66, vol. 2, Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 66, vol. 2 ) The replier should say اللهُ اكبراللهُ اكبر during the pause of the Muazzin, i.e. when the Muazzin is silent. He should reply to the other Kalimat in the same way. When the Muazzin says Azan the first time, the replier should say:

Azan
May Allah’s Durud upon you Ya Rasulallah صلى الله علیہ وسلم!

When the Muazzin utters these words again, the replier should say:

Azan
Ya Rasulallah صلى الله علیہ وسلم! You are the solace of my eyes,

Each time, make thumb nails touch eyes and say:

Azan
Ya Allah عز وجل! Benefit me from my faculties of listening and seeing.

Whoever does this, the Holy Prophet صلى الله علیہ وسلم will make him enter Heaven accompanying him. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 84, vol. 2 )

In reply to Azan and Azan say Azan each time, and it is better to say both ( what the Muazzin says as well as Azan) and also add:

Azan
Whatever Allah عز وجل wanted happened and whatever He did not want did not happen.
( Dur-re-Mukhtar-o-Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 82, vol. 2 ) ( Fatawa-e-Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1 )

In reply to Azan, say:

Azan
You are true and pious and have said right.
( Dur-re-Mukhtar-o-Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 83, vol. 2 )

Replying to Iqamat is Mustahab. Its reply is similar to that of Azan. The only difference is that in reply to Azan the replier should say:

Azan
May Allah عز وجل persist it until sky and earth exist!
( Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 473, vol. 1 ) ( Fatawa-e-Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1 )

 { Laws of Salah (Hanafi) Page 80 to 82 }

Nine Madani Pearls about Replying to Azan

  1. In addition to the Azan of Salah, other Azan such as the one uttered at the time of the birth of a baby should also be replied. (Rud-dul-Muhtar, pp. 82, vol. 2)

  2. Muqtadis should never reply to the Azan of Khutbah. If is most cautious to refrain in this case. However, there is no harm if the reply the Azan or supplication (between two Khutbat) is made in heart without uttering any word with the tongue. However, if the Imam replies to the Azan or makes supplication even with the tongue, it is quite permissible. (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 300, 301, vil. 8)
  3. There is a commandment to reply for the hearer of Azan. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1) A Junub (the one who is to do Ghusl because of intercourse or nocturnal emission) should also reply to Azan. However, a woman undergoing menses or post-natal bleeding, audience of Khutbah, performers of funeral Salah, those having intercourse or those passing stool or urine need not to reply. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 81, vol. 2)
  4. When Azan is going on, one should stop every type of work such as talking, Salam, reply to Salam and even recitation of the Holy Quran etc. for the duration in which Azan is being uttered. Listen to the Azan attentively and make its reply. Do also the same while Iqamat is going on. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 473, vol. 1, Dur-re-Mukhtar pp. 86, 87, vil. 2, ‘Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1)
  5. It is safer to stop walking, eating, picking or laying a utensil or other things, playing with children, talking by gestures etc. diring Azan.
  6. The one talking during Azan is in the danger of losing faith at the time of death. (Bahar-r-Shariat, pp. 473, vol. 1)
  7. If anybody hears the Azan while walking, it is better for him to stop walking and remain silent for the amount of time in which Azan is uttered and reply to the Azan. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1, Bahar-r-Shariat pp. 473, vol. 1)
  8. If anybody hears more than one Azan, he is required to reply to the first Azan only but it is better to reply to all of them. (Dur-re-Mukhtar-o-Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 82, vol. 2)
  9. If anybody did not reply during the Azan and much time has not passed yet, he should still reply. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 83, vil. 2)

Seven Madani Pearls about Iqamat

  1. It is better to say Iqamat just behind the Imam in the Masjid; if it is not conveniently possible to utter Iqamat just behind the Imam, then it should be uttered at the right side. (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 372, vol. 5)
  2. Iqamat is a more emphatic Sunnah than Azan. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 67, vol. 2)
  3. It is Mustahab to reply to Iqamat. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1)
  4. Say the words of Iqamat quickly without pauses in between. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 470, vol. 1)
  5. Turn face to the right and left side whilst saying Azan and Azan respectively during Iqamat as well. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 6.66, vol. 2)
  6. Iqamat is the right of the person who uttered Azan. However, with the consent of the utterer of Azan, someone else can also say Iqamat. If the Iqamat is uttered without the permission of the Muazzin (the one who uttered Azan) and he resented it, then it is Makruh. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 54, vol. 1)
  7. If a person comes during Iqamat, it is Makruh for him to wait whilst standing, instead, he should sit down. Similarly, the people who are already sitting in the Masjid should also keep seated; all should stand when the Mukabbir says Azan. This ruling also applies to the Imam. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 57, vol. 1, Bahar-r-Shariat, pp. 471, vol. 1)

{Laws of Salah (Hanafi) Page 84 to 86}

Earn 30 Million and 24 Hundred Thousand Good Deeds

Dear Islamic brothers! How enormous Allah’s mercy is! How easy He عز وجل has made it for us to earn good deeds, get our ranks raised and get our sins forgiven, but regretfully, we are heedless despite so many facilitations. The detail of the excellence of Azan’s reply mentioned in the foregoing Hadis is as follows.

اللهُ اكبر اللهُ اكبر ‘ are two Kalimat. The whole Azan consists of 15 Kalimat. If an Islamic sister replies to one Azan, i.e. she says what the Muazzin says, she will get 15 hundred thousand good deeds, her 15 thousand sins will be removed. There is double Sawab for Islamic brothers. In the Azan of Fajr,Earn 30 Milion and 24 Hundred Thousand Good Deeds is also said twice, so there are 17 Kalimat in Fajr Azan. Therefore, the woman replying to Fajr Azan will get 17 hundred thousand good deeds, her 17 thousand ranks will be raised and 17 thousand sins will be forgiven, and all this Sawab will be doubled for Islamic brothers. In Iqamat,Earn 30 Milion and 24 Hundred Thousand Good Deedsis also said twice, so there are 17 Kalimat in Iqamat, and so the Sawab of the reply to Iqamat is equal to that of Fajr Azan. In short, if any Islamic sister succeeds in replying the Azan as well as Iqamat five times daily, she will attain 10 million 62 hundred thousand good deeds, her one hundred 62 thousand ranks will be raised and her one hundred 62 thousand sins will be forgiven and Islamic brothers will get double Sawab. In other words, he will gain 30 million 24 hundred thousand good deeds, his 3 hundred 24 thousand ranks will be raised and his 3 hundred 24 thousand sins will be forgiven.

The Replier of Azan Entered the Heaven

How to enter Paradise/Heaven?
How to enter Paradise/Heaven?

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah رضی الله عنه narrates that a man whose no major pious deed was known died. The beloved and blessed Rasul صلی الله علیہ وسلم said to the blessed companions رضی الله عنهم, “Do you know Allah عز وجل has made him enter the Heaven.” The people became surprised as apparently he did not have any major deed. Therefore, one of the companions went to that person’s house and asked his widow as to what his special deed was. She replied, “Although I do not know any of his special deed, he would reply to Azan whenever he used to hear it, whether it was day or night.” (Tarikh-e-Dimshq la bin Asakir, pp. 412, 413, vol. 40) May Allah عز وجل bless him and forgive us for his sake.

The Method of Replying to Azan and Iqamat

Blessings of Azan

Four Narrations about the Blessings of Azan

  1. No Insects in Grave
    The beloved and blessed Prophet صلی الله علیہ وسلم said, “The one who utters Azan in order to gain Sawab is like the martyr draggled in blood and when he dies, there will be no infliction of insects in his body in the grave (i.e. his body will remain safe from insects).” (Mu’jam Kabir. pp.322, vol. 12, Hadis 13554)
  2. Domes of Pearls
    The most Exalted Prophet صلی الله علیہ وسلم said, “I went in to the Heaven where I saw domes of pearls, its dust was of musk. I asked, “O Jibrail! For whom these (domes) are?” He replied, “For the Imam ( the one who leads Salah) and Muazzin (the one who utters Azan ) of your Ummah.” (Al-Jami’us-Sagir, pp. 255, Hadis 4179)
  3. Previous Sins are Forgiven
    The beloved and blessed Prophet صلی الله علیہ وسلم said, ‘The one uttering Azan for five Salah due to faith with the intention of gaining Sawab, his previous sins will be forgiven, and the one leading his companions in five Salah due to faith for gaining Sawab, his previous sins will be forgiven.’ (Sunan Kubra, pp. 636, vol. 1, Hadis 2039)
  4. Fish Also Seek Forgiveness
    It has been reported: Everything including even the fish in river ask supplication of forgiveness for those uttering Azan. When the Muazzin utters Azan, the angels also repeat; when he finishes, the angels keep asking the supplication of forgiveness for him up to the Judgment Day. The one who dies in the state of being a Muazzin will not be tormented in his grave, and he remains safe from the agonies at the time of death, the hardness and narrowness of the grave. (Derived from: Tafsir-e-Sura-e-Yusuf-lil-Ghazali translated, pp. 14, Markaz-ul-Auliya, Lahore)

Fourteen Madani Pearls of Azan

  1. If the primary Jamaat of five Fard Salah including Jumuah is held in the Masjid at stipulated time, it is Sunnat-e-Muakkadah to utter Azan for them, and its emphasis is like that of Wajib. If Azan is not uttered, all the people over there will be sinner. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 464, vol. 1)

  2.  If somebody offers Salah at home in the city, the Azan of the local Masjid will be enough but it is Mustahab to utter Azan. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 62, 78, vol. 2)

  3. If somebody is out of the city or in a village, orchard or farm, the Azan of the city/village will be enough provided these places are near the city/village; but it is better to say Azan. However, if these places are not near, that Azan will not be enough. Here, nearness means that he voice of Azan (given in city / village) could reach there. (Fatawa-e-Alamgiri, pp. 54, vol. 1)

  4. If a traveller did not utter Azan or Iqamat or both, it is Makruh; if he utters only Iqamat, there is no repugnance, but it is better to say Azan also, whether he is alone or with other companions. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 471, vol. 1) (Dur-re-Mukhtar-o-Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 78, vol. 2)

  5. Utter Azan after the time has started. If it is uttered before the time begins or if the time starts during the Azan, the Azan should be repeated in both the sases. (Hiddayah, pp. 45, vol.1) The Muazzan should make a habit of ascertaining the timings of Salah with the help of timetable. At some places, the Muazzin starts uttering Azan before the time begins. It is a Madani request to the Imams as well as the Masjid committee to keep an eye on this matter.

  6. It is Makruh for women to say Azan and Iqamat whether they are offering Salah (within its time) or Qada (After the elapsing of its stipulated time.). (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 72, vol. 2)

  7. It is impermissible for women to offer Salah with Jamaat. (Dur-re- Mukhtar, pp. 367, vol. 2, Bahar-e-Shariat pp. 584, vol. 1)

  8. A clever child can also utter Azan. (Dar-re-Mukhtar, pp. 75, vol. 2)

  9. Though uttering Azan without Wudu is valid, it is Makruh to do so. (Bahar- Shariat, pp. 466, vol. 1, Maraqil falah, pp. 64)

  10. The Azan uttered by a eunuch, transgressor even if he is a scholar, an intoxicated person, a mad person, the one on whom Ghusl is due and unwise child is Makruh. Therefore, the Azan uttered by any of the aforementioned people should be repeated. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 466, vol. 1, Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 75, vol. 2)

  11. It is better if the Muazzin is Imam as well. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 88, vol. 2)

  12. Azan should be uttered aloud outside the Masjid facing the Qiblah with the fingers inside the ears but raising the voice of Azan beyond one’s strength is Makruh. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 468, 469, vol 1, ‘Alamgiri, pp. 55, vol. 1)

  13. SayAzan having turned face towards the right side and Azan towards the left side even if the Azan is not for Salah e.g. the Azan uttered into the ear of a newly born baby. Turn only the face, not the whole body. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 66, vol. 2, Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 469, vol. 1) Some Muazzinin start moving their face slightly having uttered the wordAzan. It is not correct. The correct method is to first turn face to the right or left side completely and then start saying the wordAzan.

  14. It is Mustahab to sayEarn 30 Milion and 24 Hundred Thousand Good Deeds after Azan in Fajr Azan. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 67, vol. 2) If it is not uttered, Azan will still be valid. (Qanun-e-Shariat, pp. 89)

    (Laws of Salah (Hanafi) Page 82 to 84)

Eleven Mustahab Occasions for Uttering Azan

  1. In the ears of infant.
  2. In the ears of a grieved person.
  3. In the ears of an epileptic patient.
  4. In the ears of a furious and grumpy person.
  5. In the ears of an irritating animal.
  6. In the severity of fighting.
  7. Eruption of fire.
  8. After the burial of dead body.
  9. Defiance of Jinn (or when a Jinn captures someone)
  10. If someone forgets the way in the forest and there in nobody to show the way (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 466, vol. 1, Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 62, vol.2)
    and
  11. It is Mustahab to utter Azan, during the period of Epidemic. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp.466, vol.1, Fatawa Radawiyyah, pp. 370, vol. 5)

To Utter Azan in the Masjid is Contrary to Sunnah

Nowadays, the trend of uttering Azan in the Masjid has developed, which is in contradiction to Sunnah. It is stated in ‘Alamgiri etc. that Azan should be uttered outside the Masjid, not inside. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 55, vol. 1) Imam of Ahl-e-Sunnat, Revivalist of the Ummah, Reviver of the Sunnah, Eradicator of Bidah, Scholar of Shariah, Guide of Tariqah, Fountain of Blessing, ‘Allamah, Maulana, Al-Haj Al-Hafiz, Al-Qari Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رحمتہ اللہ علیہ says that it is not proved even once that Our Holy Prophet صلى الله علیہ وسلم got the Azan uttered inside the Masjid. (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 412, vil. 5)

Ala Hadrat رحمتہ اللہ علیہ Further says uttering Azan in the Masjid is a desecration and disrespect of the Masjid as well as that of the court of Allah عز وجل. (ibid, pp. 411) The place outside the veranda of the Masjid where shoes are taken off is not considered as a part of the Masjid and therefore, uttering Azan there is absolutely in accordance with the Sunnah. (ibid, pp. 408) The second Azan of Jumuah which is uttered nowadays (before the Khutbah) in the Masjid in front of the pulpit of the Imam is also contrary to Sunnah. The second Azan of Jumuah should also be uttered outside the Masjid but the Muazzin should be in straightness of the Imam.

Earn the Reward of 100 Martyrs

Ala Hadrat رحمتہ اللہ علیہ  says, ‘Although the revival of Sunnah is one of the specific duties of the scholars, there is a general commandment for such Muslims for whom it is possible. The Muslims of every city should revive the sunnah of uttering Azan including the second Azan of Jumu’ah outside the Masjid in their cities or at least in their Masjid and earn the reward of 100 martyrs. The Holy Prophet صلى الله علیہ وسلم said, ‘whoever holds onto my Sunnah firmly at the time of Fasad (deviation from religion) of my Ummah, he will attain the reward of 100 martyrs.’ (Az-Zuhd-ul-Kabir lil Baihaqi, pp. 119, Hadis 207) (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 402, 403, vol. 2)

This Hadis has been narrated in the book ‘Zuhud’ by Baihaki. For further details about this, go though the fifth volume of Fatawa-e-Razaviyyah called ” Al-Azan wal Iqamah.” (Published by Raza Foundation).

(Laws of Salah (Hanafi) Page 86 to 88)

Recite this Durud before Azan

Prior to Azan and Iqamat, recite Azan Bismillah Image and the following four verses of Durud Sharif:

Recite this Durud after Azan
Recite this Durud after Azan

For a pause between Durud Sharif and Azan, make the following announcement:

“In the honour of Azan, stop talking and other activities and earn hoard of good deeds by replying to Azan.”

Then, utter Azan. Likewise, make the following announcement between Durud and Iqamat: ‘Make the intention of I’tikaf, if you have a mobile phone, please switch it off.’ I have made the Madani request of reciting Tasmiyah and Durud Sharif before Azan and Iqamat in the desire of earning perpetual reward. As for the suggestion of a pause (between Durud Sharif and Azan/Iqamat), it is taken from Fatawa-e-Razaviyyah. Therefore, replying to a question, Imam-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat رضی الله عنه said, “There is no Harm in reciting Durud Sharif before Iqamat but there should be a pause between them or the tone of Durud sharif should be so different from that of Iqamat (for example, the sound of Durud Sharif should be quieter than that of Iqamat) that there should be a clear-cut distinction between them and people should not regard Durud as a part of Iqamat.” (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 386, vol. 5)

Satanic Whisper

As Durud Sharif did not use to be recited prior to Azan during the apparent life of the Holy Prophet صلی الله علیہ وسلم as well as in the reign of the first four blessed caliphs, doing that is a misleading innovation and a sin. Azan

Reduttal of this Satanic Whisper

If the principle is accepted that doing any such act not done in that blessed era is a misleading innovation and a sin, the whole existing system sell be distorted. Just 12 examples out of innumerable ones are being presented making it clear that these acts were not performed in that ara, but have been adopted by every one in the present era.

  1. Hajjaj Bin Yusuf introduced diacritical marks in the Holy Quran in the year 95A.H.
  2. He also introduced the use of full stops at the end of each Ayah.
  3. Publication of the Holy Quran in printed form
  4. In past, there used to be no arch in the centre of the Masjid for the Imam to stand. During the reign of Walid Marwani, Sayyiduna ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz  رضی الله عنه  introduced it which is now found in every Masjid.
  5. Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith).
  6. Sarf and Nahw.
  7. Knowledge of Hadis and its different kinds.
  8. Dars-e-Nizami.
  9. Four orders of Shariat and Tariqat.
  10. Verbal intention of Salah.
  11. The pilgrimage of Haj by air.
  12. Jihad with the latest scientific weapons.

In the present era, no body regards any of the aforementioned acts as a sin despite the fact that they did not exist in that blessed era, so why only reciting Durud Sharif on the beloved Prophet صلى الله علیہ وسلم before Azan and Iqamat is considered a sin! Remember! The absence of the proof of impermissibility in any matter is itself a proof of its permissibility. Without doubt, every such new act which Shari’ah did not prohibit is a good innovation and absolutely permissible and, it is an undeniable fact that the recitation of Durud Sharif before Azan was not forbidden in any Hadis. Therefore, absence of prohibition automatically led to permission. The Holy Prophet صلى الله علیہ وسلم himself expressed the persuasion of innovating good things in Islam. Therefore, a Hadis mentioned in the chapter ‘Kitab-ul-‘Ilm’ of Sahih Muslim says:

Azan
Azan

“Whoever promoted any good method among the Muslims and after him it was acted upon, the reward of the followers will also be written in the book of deeds of the person who started it and the reward of the followers will not be reduced.”
(Sahih Muslim, pp. 1437, Hadis 1017)

In other words, whoever promotes any good act in Islam deserves great reward. Similarly, without any doubt, the fortunate person who developed the trend of reciting Durud before Azan and Iqamat also deserves perpetual reward. He as well as the Muslims acting on that act till the Day of Judgement will attain reward without any reduction in any one’s reward.

Here, a question may arise in someone’s mind as to what the following blessed Hadis means: Azan Hadis Image [Every innovation is a heterodoxy and every heterodoxy leads to hell]. (Sahih ibn Khuzayma, pp. 143, vol. 3, Hadis 1785) What does this Hadis imply?

Beyond doubt, the foregoing Hadis is true. In fact, the word ‘Bid’at’ mentioned in the Hadis refers to Bid’at-e-Sayyi’ah, (misleading innovation) and indeed every Bid’at that contradicts or removes a Sunnah is a misleading innovation.

Therefore, Sayyiduna Sheikh ‘Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dihlvi رحمتہ اللہ علیہ writes, “Any Bid’at that complies with the principles of Sunnah and does not contradict the Shari’ah or Sunnah is a Bid’at-e-Hasanah. The Bid’ah that contradicts Shari’ah and Sunnah is a Bid’at-e-Dalalat, i.e. a misleading innovation.” (Ash’at-ul-Lam’aat, pp. 135, vol. 1)

Complete Azan Image
Complete Azan

What is Jihad?

While Islam is generally misunderstood in the west, perhaps no other Islamic term suggests such strong reaction as ‘Jihad’. The Arabic word ‘Jihad’ which is mostly always mistranslated as ‘holy war,’ simply means ‘to struggle’ or ‘to exert one’s utmost efforts’. It is incorrect to imagine that Jihad is synonymous only with fighting or war, for this is but one particular aspect of the term. Jihad is a struggle to do well and to remove injustice, oppression and evil from oneself and from society. This struggle is spiritual, social, economical and political.

Indeed, the concept of Jihad is one of life, and it is vast, not limited only to armed conflict. For example, one finds in the Glorious Quran, mention of “Jihad by means of the Quran,” meaning invitation to the truth, evidence, clarification and presenting the best argument. There is also “Jihad with the soul,” which means striving to purify the soul, to increase its faith and incline it towards good. While keeping it from evil and from unlawful desires and temptations.

What is Jihad

Then there is “Jihad through wealth” which means spending it in various beneficial ways, including charities and welfare projects. And there is “Jihad through the self”, which comprises all good works done by a believer, such as propagation, teaching and finally, lawful armed struggle against aggression and oppression.

In the name of Jihad, Islam calls for the protection of societies from oppression, foreign domination and dictatorship. That seize rights and freedom. That abolish just and moral rule. That prevent people from gearing the truth or following it, and that practice religious persecution. In the name of Jihad, it endeavors to teach belief in Allah عزوجل, the one supreme God, and worship of Him and to spread good values, virtue and morality through wise and proper methods. Almighty Allah عزوجل has commanded:

What is Jihad?
Jihad

Call towards the path of your Lard with sound planning and good advice, and debate with them in the best possible way; indeed your Lard well knows him who has strayed from His path, and He well knows the guided. [Nahl 16:125]

What mean Jihad?

In the name of Jihad, Islam calls for social reform and the elimination of ignorance, superstition, poverty, disease and racial discrimination. Among its main goals is the protection of rights for weaker members of society against the imposition of the powerful and influential.
Islam prohibits injustice, even toward those who oppose the religion. Allah عزوجل, the Exalted, says in the Holy Quran:

Jihad
Jihad

…and do not let the enmity of anyone tempt you not to do justice…
[Maidah 5:8]

And Almighty Allah عزوجل has told the believers regarding those who prevented their entry to the sacred Mosque in Makkah:

Jihad
Jihad

…and let not the enmity of the people who had stopped you from going to the Sacred Mosque tempt you to do injustice… [Maidah 5:2]

Enmity towards any people or nation should not provoke Muslims to commit aggression against them, oppress them or disregard their rights.

Great Jihad

One of the highest levels of Jihad is to stand up to a tyrant and speak a word of truth. Restraining the self from wrongdoing is also a great form of Jihad. Another form of Jihad is to take up arms in defense of Islam or a Muslim country when Islam is attacked, but his has to be declared by the Muslim head of a pre Islamic State, who according to Shari’ah conditions, qualifies to become the Khalifah (Caliph).

Although Jihad is a wider concept than just war. It is also clear that Islam acknowledges war. When it becomes the last option for the treatment of such problems as oppression and aggression and for the defense of certain freedoms and rights. When Islam acknowledges military engagement. It is an integral part of a complete system of values inherent in the religion, behind which any equitable person can perceive the reason and logic.

War is permissible in Islam only when all peaceful means such as dialogue, negotiations and treaties fail. War is a last resort and should be avoided as much as possible. The purpose of Jihad is not convert people by force, or to colonize people or to acquire land or wealth or for self-glory. Its purpose is basically the defense of life, property, land, honor and freedom for oneself as well as the defense of others from injustice and oppression.