Blessings of Ramadan

Palace with portal of gold

Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id Khudri رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that the Holy Prophet ﷺ has said, ‘On the first night of Ramadan, the portals of the skies and Paradise are opened which remain open until the last night (of the month). So if anyone offers Salah in any night of this month, Allah عزوجل will reward him with 1,500 virtues for every Sajdah (prostration) and make a palace of red rubies for him that will have 60,000 gates. The gates will have hinges of gold that will be embroidered with red rubies. Thus, the one who fasts on the first day of Ramadan will be forgiven for his sins until the last day of the month and 70,000 angels will ask for his forgiveness from morning till evening. Each time he prostrates during the day or at night, he will be granted a tree in Heaven and each tree is so huge that a horse rider can ride under its shadow for 500 years.’ (Shu’ab-ul-Iman, pp. 314, vol. 3, Hadis 3635)

Five special blessings

Sayyiduna Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ has stated, ‘In Ramadan, my Ummah has been gifted five such things which were not given to any other Prophet ﷺ before me:

  1. On the first night of Ramadan, Allah عزوجل showers special mercy upon them and the one upon whom Allah عزوجل showers special mercy will never be punished.
  2. In the evening, Allah عزوجل likes the smell emanating from their mouths (due to hunger) more than even musk.
  3. Angels pray for their forgiveness every night and day.
  4. Allah عزوجل orders Heaven to be adorned for His (righteous) people and says, ‘Soon they will get rid of the grief of the world and find solace in My house and My bounties.’
  5. On the last night of Ramadan, Allah عزوجل forgives them all.’Standing up, a person asked, ‘Ya RasulAllah ﷺ! Is that Laila-tul-Qadr?’ He ﷺ replied, ‘No. Do you not see that a laborer is given his wage when he finishes his job?’

Compensation for minor sins
Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that the Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah ﷺ has stated, ‘The five daily Salah and Salat-ul-Jumu’ah compensate for sins till the next Friday, and Ramadan compensates for sins until the next Ramadan, provided that the major sins are avoided.’ (Sahih Muslim, pp. 144, Hadis 233)

Method of repentance
سُبحٰنَ اللہ عزوجل! Ramadan is such blessed month in which rain of mercy showers upon us and it is a means of our minor sins being forgiven. Major sins are forgiven by repentance. The way to repent is to mention the sin one has committed and then feel resentment for it in one’s heart and firmly vow not to commit it again. Let us say, for instance, that someone lied. He should say, ‘Ya Allah عزوجل! I repent of the lie I have told and I will not tell lies again.’ Whilst repenting, he must despise the act of lying and be sincere when he says the words ‘I will not tell lies again’ otherwise his repentance will not be valid. If the right of another person was violated, then it is necessary to seek forgiveness from him in addition to repentance.

Heart-warming saying of the Holy Prophet ﷺ

Sayyiduna Salman Farsi رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that on the last day of Sha’ban, the Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah, the Owner Jannah ﷺ said, ‘O people! An auspicious and blessed month has approached you. In this month, there is a night that is better than a thousand months. Allah عزوجل  has made it Fard to fast in this sacred month. To offer (Tarawih Salah) in its nights is Sunnah. If you do a good deed in this month, it will be equivalent to carrying out a Fard act in any other month and if you perform a Fard act in this month, it will be equivalent to carrying out 70 Fard acts in any other month. This is the month of patience whose reward is Heaven. This is the month of sympathy, and the believer’s sustenance is increased in this month.

In this month, the one who serves a fasting person with something to do Iftar, will be forgiven for his sins and his neck will be freed from the fire of Hell, and he will be rewarded the same as the one who fasted, without any reduction in the reward of the fasting person.’ The companions asked humbly, ‘Ya RasulAllah ﷺ! Not all of us possess enough money (to present a meal to the fasting person) for Iftar.’ He ﷺ replied, ‘Allah  عزوجل  will give this reward to the one who offers a sip of milk, a date or a sip of water to the fasting person, and the one who serves the fasting person with a meal so that his stomach is full will be given water from my pond (Kawsar) such that he will never feel thirsty and will enter Heaven.

The first ten days of this month are mercy, the middle ten days are forgiveness and its last ten days are freedom from the fire of Hell. One who treats his slave leniently in this month (by not burdening him with heavy duties) will be forgiven and freed from the fire of Hell. In this month, there are four things which you should do in abundance, two of them will earn the pleasure of Allah عزوجل  for you cannot do without the other two. The two which will earn you the pleasure of Allah عزوجل are:

  1. To testify that there is none worthy of worship other than Allah.
  2. To ask for forgiveness.

The two which you cannot do without are:

  1. To ask Allah عزوجل for Heaven.
  2. To seek refuge of Allah عزوجل from Hell.’ (Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, pp. 1887, vol. 3)

Dear Islamic brothers! This Hadis describes the mercy, blessings and glory of Ramadan in great detail. In this month, we must make special efforts to please Allahعزوجل  by reciting the blessed Kalimah as many times as possible and by repenting in abundance. We must not neglect asking Allahعزوجل  for entrance into Heaven and protection from Hell. These are the two things we must persistently ask for.

Four names of Ramadan

اللہ اَکبر! How blessed Ramadan is! A renowned exegetes of the Quran, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan علیہ رَحمۃ المنان has stated in the exegesis of the Quran Tafsir-e-Na’imi, ‘There are four names of this sacred month:

  1. Ramadan
  2. The month of patience
  3. The month of sympathy
  4. The month of increased sustenance.’

Elaborating the foregoing names, heرَحمَۃاللہ تَعالیٰ عَلیہ  has further stated, ‘Fast is patience whose reward is Allahعزوجل . As fasts are observed in this month it is called the month of patience. Sympathy means ‘treating other well.’ This month is called the month of sympathy because the reward for behaving well (and sympathizing)  with the Muslims, especially relatives, is increased. In this month sustenance is increased and even the poor enjoy the bounties of Allahعزوجل ; therefore, it is called the month of increased sustenance.’ (Tafsir-e-Na’imi, pp. 208, vol. 2)

Heaven is adorned

Dear Islamic brothers! Heaven is adorned the whole year to welcome the month of Ramadan. Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that the Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most Generous and Kind ﷺ has stated, ‘Indeed, Heaven is adorned for Ramadan from the beginning of the year to the end.’ He ﷺ has further stated, ‘On the first day of Ramadan, a breeze blows beneath heavenly trees, delighting the big eyed maidens of Heaven. The maidens say, ‘Ya Allahعزوجل  make such servants of Yours our husbands who would feast their eyes on us, and we would feast our eyes on them.’ (Shu’ab-ul-Iman, pp. 312, vol. 3, Hadis 3633)

Sixty thousand forgiven every night

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn Masud رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ has stated, ‘At every night of Ramadan, an announcement is made in the skies till dawn, ‘O seeker of goodness! Complete (i.e. keep worshipping Allahعزوجل ) and rejoice, and O evil one! Give up you evil and take some lesson. Is there any seeder of forgiveness, his desire will be fulfilled? Is there anyone repenting, his repentance will be accepted? Is there anyone making Du’a, his Du’a will be accepted? Is there anyone who seeks anything, he will be given what he wishes for?’ Allahعزوجل frees sixty thousand sinners from Hell each evening of Ramadan at the time of sunset, and on the day of Eid He عزوجل forgives as many people as the total number of those freed throughout the month.’

One million sinners freed from Hell every day

Whilst mentioning the favors, bounties, mercy and forgiveness from Allahعزوجل , one day the Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ said, ‘On the first night of Ramadan, Allah عزوجل sees His creation with mercy, and If Allah عزوجل sees any of His servants with mercy He عزوجل will not punish that servant. He عزوجل frees one million (sinners) from Hell every day, and on the 29th night He عزوجل sets free as many as were freed throughout the month. On the night of Eid-ul-Fitr, the angels rejoice and Allah عزوجل reveals the specific attribute of His Nur and says to them, ‘O group of angels! What is the reward for a laborer that has completed his work?’ They reply that he be given his complete recompense. Allah عزوجل then says, ‘Be witness that I have forgiven each one of them.’
(Kanz-ul-‘Ummal, pp. 219, vol. 8, Hadis 23702)

Forgiveness of one million in every moment of Friday

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنھُما has narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ has stated, ‘In Ramadan, every day at the time of sunset, Allah عزوجل frees one million such sinners from Hell for whom Hell had become Wajib due to their sins, and in every moment of Friday (in Ramadan), He عزوجل frees one million such sinners from Hell who had deserved damnation.’ (Kanz-ul-‘Ummal, pp. 223, vol. 8, Hadis 23716)

Dear Islamic brothers! The foregoing Hadis contains a blessed account of great bounties and rewards from Allah عزوجل. سُبحٰنَ اللہ عزوجل! Every day in Ramadan one million sinners that had deserved Hell are forgiven, and one million sinners are set free from the punishment of Hell in every single moment of Friday, and then on the last night of Ramadan alone, sinners are freed equal to the total number of the people freed from the punishment of fire throughout the month.

May Allah عزوجل also include us in those fortunate forgiven ones!
آمِین

Immense goodness

Amir-ul-Muminin, Sayyiduna ‘Umar Faruq رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ would say, ‘We welcome the month that purifies us. The whole Ramadan contains goodness; whether it is the fasting of the day or Salah of the night. Spending (money etc.) in this month is like spending in Jihad.’ (Tanbih-ul-Ghafilin, pp. 176)

Spend more

Sayyiduna Damurah رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah ﷺ has stated, ‘Spend more (money etc.) on your family in Ramadan because spending in Ramadan is like spending in the path of Allahعزوجل .’ (Al-Jami’-us-Saghir, pp. 162, Hadis 2716)

Big eyed maidens

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنھُما has narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ has stated, ‘On the first day of Ramadan a breeze called Masirah blows beneath the divine ‘Arsh, swaying the leaves of heavenly trees and making such an extremely pleasant sound that no one had heard before. On hearing this sound, big eyed maidens appear, they stand on top of the high heavenly palaces and say, ‘Is there anyone to ask for our hand in marriage?’ Then they ask (Sayyiduna) Rizwanعَلیہ السَّلَام , ‘What night is this?’ (Sayyiduna) Rizwan عَلیہ السَّلَام recites Talbiyah (i.e. Labbaik) and says, ‘It is the first night of Ramadan, the portals of Heaven have been opened for the fasting (Muslims) of the Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ.’ (Attarghib Wattarhib, pp. 60, vol. 2, Hadis 23)

Two types of darkness removed

It is narrated that Allahعزوجل  said to Sayyiduna Musa Kalimullah (علیہ السَّلام), ‘I have bestowed two types of Nur upon the Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ to protect them from two types of darkness.’

Sayyiduna Musa Kalimullah علیہ السَّلام humbly asked, ‘Ya Allahعزوجل ! What are those two types of Nur?’ Allah عزوجل said, ‘The Nur of Ramadan and the Quran.’ Sayyiduna Musa Kalimullah علیہ السَّلام further asked, ‘What are two types of darkness?’ Allahعزوجل  said, ‘The darkness of grave and that of the Judgment Day.’ (Durra-tun-Nasihin, pp. 9)

Dear Islamic brothers! Did you see how Allah عزوجل is merciful to those who spend Ramadan worshipping wholeheartedly. There is a description of huge mercy and blessings of Ramadan in the previous two narrations. One can earn the pleasure of Allah عزوجل and the eternal rewards of Heaven by fasting in Ramadan.

Further, the second narration describes two types of Nur and darkness. The existence of light is essential for the removal of darkness. What a great favor our Allah عزوجل has bestowed upon us by giving us the light of Ramadan and the Quran to remove the darkness of grave and the Judgment Day.

Fast and the Holy Quran will intercede

Fasts and the Holy Quran will intercede for the Muslims on the Day of Judgment. The Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most Generous and Kind ﷺ has stated, ‘The fast and the Holy Quran will intercede for people on the Day of Judgment. The fast will say, ‘O Merciful Allah عزوجل! I prevented him from eating and satisfying his desires during the day, accept my intercession in his favor.’ The Holy Quran will say, ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night, accept my intercession for him.’ Their intercessions will be accepted.’ (Musnad Imam Ahmad, pp. 586, vol. 2, Hadis 6637)

Reason for forgiveness

Amir-ul-Muminin, Sayyiduna ‘Aliکَرَّم اللہ تعالیٰ وجھَہُ الکَریم  has said, ‘If Allah عزوجل had intended to punish the Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ He عزوجل would never have bestowed upon them Ramadan and Surah Al-Ikhlas.’ (Nuzha-tul-Majalis, pp. 216, vol. 1)

Reward of hundred thousand Ramadan

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنھُما has narrated that the Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah ﷺ has stated, ‘The one who spends Ramadan in Makka-tul-Mukarramah, keeps fasts and offers Salah at night as much as possible, Allah عزوجل will reward him equivalent to one hundred thousand Ramadan spent elsewhere. He عزوجل will give him the reward of freeing a slave every day and every night each as well as the reward of providing a horse for Jihad every day. He عزوجل will also give him the reward of a good deed each day and each night.’ (Sunan Ibn Majah, pp. 523, vol. 3, Hadis 3117)

May Allah عزوجل bless us all with the privilege of spending the blessed month of Ramadan in Makka-tul-Mukarramah and worshipping as much as possible, and then, as soon as Ramadan ends, may we get to the sacred tomb of the Noble Prophet ﷺ to celebrate Eid, crying and begging him for our ‘Eid presents’ and may we receive our Eid presents from his blessed hands! All this is possible by the mercy of the Blessed Rasul ﷺ.

The Holy Prophet would worship devotedly

Dear Islamic brother! We should worship Allah عزوجل abundantly in Ramadan and do every such act that earns us the pleasure of Allah عزوجل and His Beloved Prophet ﷺ. If anyone is not forgiven even in this merciful month, when will he be forgiven then? The Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ would devote himself to worship as soon as Ramadan arrived.

Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah Siddiqahرضی اللہ تعالیٰ عَنھَا  has said, ‘In Ramadan, the Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah, the Owner of Jannah ﷺ would devote himself to the worship of Allah عزوجل and did not use to come to his blessed bed the whole month.’ (Ad-Dur-rul-Mansur, pp. 449, vol. 1)

The Holy Prophet would make Du’a abundantly

She رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عَنھَا  has further said, ‘In Ramadan, the color of the blessed face of the Holy Prophet ﷺ would change. He ﷺ would offer Salah abundantly, make Du’a in an extremely humble manner and remain overtaken by divine fear.’ (Shu’ab-ul-Iman, pp. 310, vol. 3, Hadis 3625)

The Holy Prophet would donate abundantly

Dear Islamic brothers! In this month, donating money abundantly is also a Sunnah. Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنھُما has said, ‘In Ramadan the Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most Generous and Kind ﷺ would set free every prisoner and give something to every such person who asked for.’ (Ad-Dur-rul-Mansur, pp. 449, vol. 1)

Most generous

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنھُما has stated, ‘The Holy Prophet ﷺ is the most generous of all people and his ocean of generosity would turn turbulent the most in the moments of Ramadan when the honorable Jibrail عَلیّہِ السَّلام visited him. Jibrail عَلیّہِ السَّلام would come every night and they both would recite the Holy Quran. Rasulullah ﷺ would demonstrate more generosity than even a fast blowing wind.’ (Sahih Bukhari, pp. 9, vol. 1, Hadis 6)

Thousand times more reward

Dear Islamic brothers! The reward of good deeds is multiplied several times in Ramadan, so one should perform as many virtuous deeds as possible. Sayyiduna Ibrahim Nakh’Iرحمَۃُاللہ تعالیٰ علَیہ  has stated, ‘One day’s fast in Ramadan is greater than a thousand fasts (in any other month), making Tasbih (i.e. sayingسُبحٰنَ اللہ ) once in Ramadan is better than saying it a thousand times in any other month and offering one Rak’at of Salah in Ramadan is greater than offering a thousand Rak’at in any other month.’ (Ad-Dur-rul-Mansur, pp. 454, vol. 1)

Excellence of Zikr in Ramadan

Amir-ul-Muminin, Sayyiduna ‘Umar Faruq رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ has narrated that the Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most Generous and Kind ﷺ has stated, ‘The one who remembers Allahعزوجل  in Ramadan will be forgiven, and the one who asks Allahعزوجل  for anything in this month will not be deprived.’ (Shu’ab-ul-Iman, pp. 311, vol. 3, Hadis 3627)

Definition of Ramadan

Excellence of Ramadan

Dear Islamic brothers! It is a great bounty of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ that he عَزَّوَجَلَّ has granted us a tremendous gift in the form of Ramadan. Whose every moment is full of mercy. The reward of good deeds is multiplied many times in this month. The reward of a Nafl act is equivalent to that of a Fard one, while the reward of a Fard act is multiplied 70 times. In this month, even the sleep of a fasting person is considered an act of worship. The divine ‘Arsh-holding angels say ‘Amin’ for the Du’a of the fasting people. According to a Hadis, the fish in the seas ask for forgiveness until Iftar for the one who fasts in Ramadan. (Attarghib Wattarhib, pp. 55, vol. 2, Hadis 6)

Door of worship

Fast in a hidden form of worship; no one can come to know about your fast until you tell it to others. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ likes hidden worship more. A blessed Hadis says, ‘Fasting in the door of worship.’ (Al-Jami’-us-Saghir, pp. 146, Hadis 2415)

Revelation of the Quran
Ramadan is a blessed and sacred month in which Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ revealed the Holy Quran. He عَزَّوَجَلَّ mentions the revelation of the Holy Quran and Ramadan in these words:

Ramadan
Ramadan

The month of Ramadan in which was sent down the Quran – the guidance for mankind, the direction and the clear criteria (to judge between right and wrong). So whoever among you finds this month, must fast for the (whole) month; and whoever is sick or on a journey, may fast the same number in other days. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ desires ease for you and does not desire hardship for you so that you complete the count ( of fasts), and glorify Allah’s greatness for having guided you, and so that you may be grateful.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 2, Surah Baqarah, verse 185)

Definition of Ramadan

Regarding the first part of this verse (شَھرُرَمَضَانَ الَّذِی), a renowned exegetic of the Quran, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan عَلَیّہِ رَحّمَۃُ الرَّحّمٰن has stated in ‘Tafsir-e-Na’imi’, ‘Like ‘رَحّمٰن’ (Rahman), Ramadan is probably one of the names of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ because He عَزَّوَجَلَّ is worshiped the whole day and night in this month. Therefore, it is called Ramadan i.e., ‘The Month of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ.’ As a Masjid or the Holy Ka’bah is referred to the house of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ because it is the place where Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ is worshiped, similarly, Ramadan is the month of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ because everyone is occupied with fulfilling the commandments of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ in this month. Obviously, the fast and the Tarawih Salah are forms of worship but when a Muslim fasts, his Halal job or business is also considered worship. The word رَمَضَان (Ramadan) is derived either from the word ‘رَمضَاء’ (Ramdaun) or from the word رَمض (Ramd). The word رَمضَاء implies the autumn rain which washes the earth and produces a good spring harvest. Since this month also washes the dirt and dust of sins from the heart, making the crops of virtuous deeds blossoming, it is called Ramadan for this reason.

For a good harvest, rain is needed everyday in the first month of the rainy season, four times in the second month and once in the last month. The last rain prepares the crops for harvest. In the like manner, a Muslim does virtuous acts for eleven months and then the fasts of Ramadan prepare the crops of virtues. The word ‘رَمض’ (Ramd) implies heat or burning. As the Muslims endure the burning of thirst and hunger in Ramadan or as this month burns their sins, it is called Ramadan. (In Kanz-ul-‘Ummal, page 217, volume 8 there is a narration reported by Sayyiduna Anas رَضِيَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنهُ that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ has said, ‘This month is called Ramadan because it burns sins).’

Wajibat of Salah

Thirty Wajibat of Salah

  1. Uttering ‘اَللہُ اَکّبَرّ ’ for Takbir-e-Tahrimah.
  2. Reciting Sur-e-Fatihah, a Surah, or one such Quranic Ayah that is equivalent to three small ones or three small Ayahs in every Rak’at of every Salah except the last two Rak’at of Fard Salah.
  3. Reciting Sura-e-Fatihah before the Surah.
  4. Not reciting anything except ‘اۤمِیّن’ and ‘بِسمِ اللہِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحِیمِ’  between Alhamd and the Surah.
  5. Doing Ruku’ immediately after Qira-at.
  6. Doing the second Sajdah after the first one (in sequence).
  7. Maintaining Ta’dil-e-Arkan, i.e. staying in Ruku’, Sujud, Qawmah and Jalsah for the amount of time in which ‘سُبحٰنَ اللہ’ can be uttered at least once.
  8. Qawmah, i.e. standing erect after Ruku’ (some people do not straighten their back after Ruku’, it is the missing of a Wajib).
  9. Jalsah, i.e. sitting upright between two Sujud (some people do the second Sajdah before they properly sit upright after the first one missing a Wajib. No matter how extreme hurry is, it is mandatory to sit straight or else the Salah will become Makruh-e-Tahrimi and repeating such a Salah will be Wajib).
  10. The first Qa’dah is Wajib even in a Nafl Salah (In fact, every Qa’dah in two Rak’at Nafl Salah is the ‘last Qa’dah’ and is, therefore, Fard; if someone did not do Qa’dah and stood up forgetfully and if he has not yet done Sajdah of the third Rak’at, he must return and do Sajda-e-Sahw. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 480, vol. 1)

If someone has done the Sajdah of the 3rd Rak’at of Nafl Salah, now he has to complete the fourth Rak’at and do Sajda-e-Sahw. Sajda-e-Sahw became Wajib because although Qa’dah is Fard after every two Rak’at of Nafl Salah, the first Qa’dah turned into Wajib from Fard because of performing the Sajdah of the third or fifth Rak’at and so on. (Hashiya-tut-Tahtavi Ala Maraqil Falah, pp. 466)

  1. Not reciting anything after Tashahhud in the first Qa’dah of Fard, Witr or Sunnah-e-Muakkadah Salah.
  2. Reciting complete Tashahhud in both Qa’dah. If even one word is missed, Wajib will be missed and Sajda-e-Sahw will be Wajib.
  3. If someone forgetfully recites اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلیٰ مُحَمَّد or اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلی سَیِّدِنَا after Tashahhud in the first Qa’dah of Fard, Witr, and Sunnat-e-Muakkadah, Sajda-e-Sahw will become Wajib; if someone says it deliberately, repeating the Salah will be Wajib. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 269, vol. 2)
  4. Saying the word ‘اَلسَّلَامُ’ when turning face to the right and left side is Wajib each time; saying the word ‘عَلَیکُم’ is not a Wajib, it’s a Sunnah.
  5. Uttering the Takbir of Qunut in Witr.
  6. Reciting Dua’a-e-Qunut in Witr.
  7. The six Takbirat of both Eid Salah.
  8. Takbir of Ruku’ in the second Rak’at of both Eid Salah and uttering the word ‘اَللہُ اَکّبَرّ ’ for it.
  9. Imam’s doing Qira-at in such a loud voice (that at least three persons could hear) in Jahri Salah such as the first two Rak’ats of Maghrib and ‘Isha and all the Rak’ats of Fajr, Jumu’ah, Eidain, Tarawih and the Witr of Ramadan.
  10. Doing Qira-at with low volume in the “Sirri Salah” such as Zuhar and ‘Asr.
  11. Performing every Fard and Wajib in its prescribed order.
  12. Doing Ruku’ only once in each Rak’at.
  13. Doing Sajdah only twice in each Rak’at.
  14. Not doing Qa’dah before the second Rak’at.
  15. Not doing Qa’dah in the third Rak’at of a four Rak’at Salah.
  16. Doing the Sajdah of Tilawat in case of reciting an Ayah of Sajdah.
  17. Doing Sajda-e-Sahw if it has become Wajib.
  18. Avoiding the pause for the amount of time in which Tasbih (i.e. سُبحٰنَ اللہ) can be uttered three times in between two Faraid, two Wajibat or a Fard and a Wajib.
  19. Muqtadi’s remaining silent when the Imam is doing Qira-at whether aloud or quietly.
  20. Following the Imam in all Wajibat except the Qira-at. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 517, 519, vol. 1) (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 184, 203, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 184, 203, vol. 2)

Faraid of Salah

Seven Faraid of Salah

There are seven Faraid in Salah.

  1. Takbir-e-Tahrimah
  2. Qiyam
  3. Qira-at
  4. Ruku
  5. Sujud
  6. Qa’dah-e-Akhirah
  7. Khuruj-e-Bisun’ihi.

(Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 158-170, vol. 2) (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 507, vol. 1)

1.Takbir-e-Tahrimah
In fact, Takbir-e-Tahrimah (also called Takbir-e-Aula) is one of the pre-conditions for Salah but it has also been included in the Faraid because it is closely attached to the acts of Salah. (Ghunyah, pp. 256)

  1. If the Muqtadi says the word ‘Allah’ of Takbir-e-Tahrimah with the Imam but utters the word ‘Akbar’ before the Imam utters the same word, his Salah will not be valid. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 68, vol. 1)
  2. If the Muqtadi finds the Imam in Ruku’ and bends instantly for Ruku’ uttering the Takbir, i.e. he finishes the Takbir after he had already bent down to such an extent that his hands would touch his knees if he stretched them, his Salah will not be valid. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 69, vol. 1) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 176, vol. 2) (What he should do on such an occasion is to utter the Takbir-e-Tahrimah whilst standing erect and then do Ruku’ utteringاَللہُ اَکّبَرّ . If he manages to join the Imam in Ruku’ even for a moment, the Rak’at will be counted, but if the Imam stands up before he joins the Imam in Ruku’, the Rak’at will not be counted.)
  3. If someone is unable to pronounce Takbir because of dumbness of loss of the faculty of speaking due to any other reason, he does not have to utter it; just making intention in heart is sufficient for him. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 220, vol. 2)
  4. If the word “Allah” is mispronounced as اٰللہ (Allah) or the word اَکّبَر (Akbar) as اٰکبر (Akbar) or اکبار (Akbar), the Salah will be invalid. If anyone deliberately utters any of these words despite understanding their Fasid (wrong) meaning, he will become a Kafir (disbeliever). (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 218, vol. 2)

These days, in case of a big Jama’at, most of the Mukabbirs, voluntarily conveying the voice of Takbir to those offering Salah at the back side, are heard mispronouncing the word ‘Akbar’ as ‘Akbar’ due to the lack of religious knowledge. As a result of this mispronunciation, the Salah of such Mukabbirs as well as that of those offering Salah following their Takbirs becomes invalid. Therefore, one should refrain from uttering Takbir without learning necessary rulings.

  1. If someone performs first Rak’at’s Ruku’ with the Imam, he will gain the Sawab of Takbir-e-Aula. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 69, vol. 1)

2.Qiyam

  1. The least level of Qiyam is that if the hands are stretched, they should not reach knees whereas complete Qiyam is to stand erect.
    (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 163, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 163, vol. 2)
  2. The duration of Qiyam and that of Qira-at is the same; standing in Qiyam is Fard, Wajid or Sunnah for as long as Fard Qira-at, Wajib Qira-at or Sunnah Qira-at requires respectively. (ibid)
  3. Qiyam is Fard for Fard, Witr, Eidain and the Sunan of Fajr Salah. If anyone offered any of these Salah sitting without a valid reason, Salah would not be valid. (ibid)
  4. Feeling just slight pain in standing is not a valid excuse, instead, a person can be exempted from Qiyam when he/she is unable to stand or perform Sajdah or when his wound bleeds due to standing or performing Sajdah or a drop of urine is released, or his quarter Sitr is exposed, or he is quite unable to do Qira-at. Similarly, if a person is able enough to stand, but it will result in the intensity or prolongation of his illness or unbearable pain, he can offer Salah sitting. (Ghunyah, pp. 261-267)
  5. If it is possible to stand for Qiyam leaning on a staff (crutches) or wall, or by the help of a servant, it is Fard to do so. (Ghunyah, pp. 261)
  6. If it is possible to utter just Takbir-e-Tahrimah standing, it is Fard to utter اَللہُ اَکّبَرّ whilst standing and then (if it isn’t possible to remain standing anymore), he may sit down. (ibid, pp. 262)

Beware!

Beware! The people who offer their Fard Salah sitting due to any slight pain, injury etc. should consider the foregoing ruling of Shari’ah; it is Fard to repeat every such Salah offered sitting despite having the strength to stand. Similarly, it is also Fard to repeat all such Salah offered sitting despite the fact that they could have been offered standing by leaning on a staff, wall or with the help of a person. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 511, vol. 1) The same rule applies to women, i.e. they are not allowed to offer Salah sitting without Shar’i permission.

  1. Some Masajid provide chairs on which some old people sit and offer Salah despite coming to the Masjid on foot, they even talk with others standing after the Salah; if such people offer Salah sitting without Shara’i permission, their Salah will not be valid.
  2. It is permissible to offer Nafl Salah sitting despite having the strength to stand; however, it is better to offer it standing. Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ narrates that the Prophet of Rahmah, the intercessor of Ummah, the distributor of Na’mah ﷺ said, “The Salah of the one offering in sitting-posture is half of the one offering in standing-posture (the Sawab would be half).” (Sahih Muslim, pp. 370, Hadis 735) However, the Sawab will not be reduced if someone offers it sitting due to any valid reason. Nowadays, the trend of offering Nafl Salah in sitting- posture has developed. People seem to be under the impression that offering these Nafl sitting is better; it is their misconception. The same ruling applies to the two Rak’at Nafl after the Witr (to offer them standing is better). (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 670, vol. 1)
  3. Qira-at ( Recitation of the Holy Quran )
  4. Qira-at means ‘pronouncing each and every letter from its correct place of origin so that each letter is quite distinct from every other letter.’ (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 69, vol. 1)
  5. Even when reciting in low volume, it is necessary for the recite to hear his voice of recitation. (ibid)
  6. If the letters are pronounced correctly, but not loud enough for the recite to hear himself (and there is no obstruction such as noise or the problem of hard of hearing either), the Salah will not be valid in this case. (ibid)
  7. Although it is necessary for the recite to listen to the voice of recitation himself, the sound should not reach others in Sirri Salah (the Salah in which recitation is done in low volume). Similarly, listening to the voice of recitation while reciting Tasbihat etc. is also necessary.
  8. Likewise, whatever is to be recited or said even other than Salah, it must be recited or said in such a loud voice that the recite or speaker could hear himself; for example, giving a divorce, freeing a slave or mentioning the name of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ when slaughtering an animal. In all these cases, the words must be said loud enough for the recite to hear. (ibid) The same should be kept in mind when reciting Durud Sharif and other Awrads.
  9. To recite at least one Ayah in the first two Rak’at of a Fard Salah, every Rak’at of Witr, Sunan and Nawafil Salah is Fard for the Imam as well as the Munfarid. (Maraqil Falah. pp. 51)
  10. A Muqtadi is not allowed to do Qira-at in Salah, neither Sura-e-Fatihah nor any other Ayah; neither in a Sirri Salah nor in a Jahri Salah. The Qira-at of the Imam is sufficient for the Muqtadi. (Maraqil Falah, pp. 51)
  11. If someone did not do Qira-at in any Rak’at of Fard Salah or did Qira-at only in one Rak’at, his Salah would be invalid. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 69, vol. 1)
  12. One should recite the Quran slowly in Fard Salah and, at a medium pace, in Tarawih. Fast recitation in Nawafil of the night is permissible, however, the words should be clearly understandable, i.e. the Maddat should be pronounced with at least the minimum degree of length set by Qurra, otherwise, it is Haram, because we have been commanded to recite the Quran with Tartil (slowly). (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 320, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 320, vol. 2)

These days, most of the Huffaz recite in such a way that not to speak of maintaining the length of Mad; one cannot understand any word except یَعؔلَمُونَ ، تَعّلَمُونَ , they do not pronounce the letters properly, they even miss out words. Even worse, they boast amongst others about their speed of recitation. Reciting the Quran in such a manner is strictly Haram. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 547, vol. 1)

Correct Pronunciation of Alphabets is Essential
Most of the people are unable to distinguish between the sounds of ت  ط، س ص ث ، ا ء ع، ہ ح ، د ض ذ ظ ۔ Remember, if the meaning of a word becomes Fasid (wrong) as a result of changing the sound of letter, Salah will not be valid. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 125, part. 3)

For example, if someone says عَزِیّم instead of عَظِیم (with a ز instead of a ظ) in سُبّحٰنَ رَبِّیَ الّعَظِیّم , his Salah will become invalid. Therefore, if someone cannot utter عَظِیّم properly, he should utter سٗبّحٰنَ رَبِّیَ الّکَرِیّم instead. (Qanun-e-Shari’at, pp. 105, part. 1) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 242, vol. 2)

Warning
Just a little practice is not enough for the one unable to pronounce letters correctly; he must practice hard day and night. If such a person can offer Salah led by the Imam reciting correctly, it is Fard for him to do so, or he must recite only such Ayahs that he can recite correctly. If both the aforementioned cases are impossible, his own Salah will be valid during his learning period. Regretfully, these days a lot of people have this shortcoming. They do not know how to recite the Quran correctly and do not try to learn either. Remember, this ruins Salah. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 570, vol. 1)

If someone could not correct his pronunciation is spite of making every possible effort day and night (as some people are unable to pronounce the letters properly) he must keep practicing day and night, in this case, he will be considered excused during his learning-period. His own Salah will be valid but he cannot lead the Salah of those who can recite correctly, however, during his learning period, he can lead the Salah of those who cannot correctly pronounce such letters that he is also unable to pronounce correctly. But if he does not make any effort at all, so even his own Salah will not be valid, how can others’ Salah be valid under his Imamat. (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id). Pp. 254, vol. 6)

Madrasa-tul-Madinah
Dear Islamic brothers! You may have realized the importance of Qira-at. Indeed, extremely unfortunate is the Muslim who does not learn correct recitation of the Holy Quran.  اَلحَمدُلِلّٰہ عَزَّوَجَلَّNumerous Madaris by the name of ‘Madrasa-tul-Madinah’ have been established by Dawat-e-Islami, the global, non-political, religious movement of the Quran and Sunnah. In these Madaris, girls and boys are taught Hifz and Nazirah Quran free of cost.
Moreover, the correct pronunciations of letters as well as Sunnahs are taught to the adults usually after Sala-tul-‘Isha in Masajid. Would that everyone starts teaching and learning the Holy Quran in their homes! Would that every such Islamic brother able enough to recite the Quran correctly starts teaching other Islamic brothers! Likewise, the Islamic sisters who can recite correctly should teach others and those who cannot recite properly should learn from them. اِن شَاۤءَاللہ عَزَّوَجَلَّ, Quranic teachings will prevail everywhere and those learning and teaching will earn great Sawab, اِن شَاۤءَاللہ عَزَّوَجَلَّ.

  1. Ruku
    The least level of Ruku’ is to bend forward to such an extent that if hands are stretched, they should reach the knees while complete Ruku’ is to keep the back horizontally straight. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 165, vol. 2) (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 513, vol. 1)

The beloved Rasul of Allah ﷺ said, “Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ does not see (mercifully) at such a Salah of the person in which he does not straighten his between Ruku’ and Sujud.” (Musnad Imam Ahmad, pp. 617, vol. 3, Hadis 10803)

5.Sujud

  1. The beloved Rasul of Allah ﷺ said, “I have been commanded to perform Sajdah on seve bones: (i) the face, (ii & iii) both hands, (iv & v) both knees and (vi & vii) finger-ser of both feet; I have (also) been commanded not to fold my clothes and hair. (Sahih Muslim, pp. 253, Hadis 490)
  2. Two Sujud are Fard in each Rak’at. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 513, vol. 1)
  3. It is necessary that the forehead properly rests on the ground. Resting of forehead means hardness of the ground should be felt. If someone performed Sajdah in such a way that his forehead did not properly rest on the ground, Sajdah would not be valid. (ibid, pp. 513, 514)
  4. In case of performing Sajdah on something soft such as grass, wool or a carpet, if the forehead firmly rests onto it, i.e. it is pressed so hard that it cannot be pressed any more, Sajdah will be valid, otherwise, not. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 70, vol. 1)
  5. These days, the trend of using carpets in Masajid has developed (in some Masajid foam is also spread underneath the carpets). While performing Sajdah on a carpet, make it sure that the forehead firmly rests, otherwise Salah will not be valid. If the nasal bone did not rest on the ground properly, the Salah will be Makruh-e-Tahrimi and it would be Wajid to repeat such a Salah. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 514, vol. 1, etc.)
  6. As the forehead does not properly rest on a spring mattress, Salah will not be valid on it. (ibid)

Disadvantages of Carpets
It is difficult to perform Sajdah properly on the carpet; carpets cannot easily be cleaned either. Therefore, dust and germs accumulate inside them. In Sajdah, dust and germs enter the body by means of breathing. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ forbid, the fluff of carpet, in case of sticking to the lungs as result of inhaling, could give rise to the danger of cancer. Sometimes, children vomit or urinate on the carpet; similarly, cats, rats and lizards also excrete on them. In case of carpet’s being impure, it is not even bothered to purify it. Would that the trend of using carpets in Masajid die out!

How to Purify an Impure Carpet
Wash the impure area of the carpet and hang it; let it remain hanging till the drops of water stop dripping from it. Then, wash and hang it for the second time and let it remain hanging until it stops dripping. Then, wash and hang it for the third time in the same way, it will become pure when it stops dripping. Purify mats, shoes and such clay pots that absorb water according to the same method.

Another way of purifying impure carpet, cloth etc. is to keep it dipped into flowing water (for example, a river, stream, or under a tap) for the amount of time till one gets the strong probability that the impurity has been carried away by the water. If a small child urinates on a carpet, just splashing a few drops of water onto it will not purify it. Remember, the urine of even one day’s old infant is impure. (For detailed information, go through Bahar-e-Shari’at volume one, page. 396-405)

6.Qa’dah-e-Akhirah
After the completion of all Rak’at of Salah, it is Fard to sit in Qa’dah for the amount of time in which complete Tashahhud (اَلتَّحِیَّات) up to ورسولُہٗ is recited. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 70, vol. 1) If the Musalli offering a four-Rak’at Fard Salah did not perform Qa’dah after the fourth Rak’at and has not yet performed the Sajdah of the fifth Rak’at, he has to sit down. However, if he has performed the Sajdah of the fifth Rak’at (or in case of Fajr, did not sit after two Rak’at and did the Sajdah of the third Rak’at or in case of Maghrib, did not sit after the third Rak’at and did the Sajdah of the fourth Rak’at), the Fard Salah will become invalid in all these cases. In these cases, he should add one more Rak’at except Maghrib Salah. (Ghunyah, pp. 290)

7.Khuruj-e-Bisun’ihi
Khuruj-e-Bisun’ihi i.e. after the Qa’dah-e-Akhirah, deliberately saying Salam, talking or any other such act that finishes the Salah. However, if any other deliberate act except Salam was found, repeating such a Salah will be Wajib, and if any such act was found without intention, the Salah will become invalid. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 516, vol. 1)

Six Pre-Conditions of Salah

1.Taharat (Purity)

The body, clothes and place of Salah must be pure from all types of impurities. (Sharh-ul-Wiqayah, pp. 156, vol. 1)

2.Sitr-e-‘Awrat (Veiling)

  1. Men’s body from navel to the knees (including knees) must be covered whereas women’s whole body must be covered except the following five parts: Face, both palms, soles of both feet. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 95, vol. 2) However, according to a Mufta bihi Qawl (valid verdict), the Salah of a woman will be valid even if her both hands, up to wrist, and feet, up to ankle, are completely uncovered.
  2. If someone wears such thin clothing that exposes such a part of the body which is Fard to be concealed in Salah, or that exposes the color of skin (of that part), the Salah will not be valid. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 480, vol.1) (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 58, vol. 1)
  3. Nowadays, the trend of wearing thin clothing is growing. Wearing such thin clothes that expose any part of thigh or Sitr is Haram even when not offering Salah. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 480, vol. 1)
  4. Wearing such thick skin-tight clothes that do not expose the color of the body but reveal the shape of Sitr will not invalidate the Salah but it is not permissible for other people to look at that part of the body. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 103, vol. 2) Coming in front of others wearing such skin-tight clothes is prohibited and it is more strictly forbidden for women. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 480, vol. 1)
  5. Some women wear such thin shawl made of muslin etc. that reveals the blackness of their hair during Salah or wear such dress through which the color of body-parts is visible; the Salah offered wearing such a dress will not be valid.

3.Istiqbal-e-Qiblah

Istiqbal-e-Qiblah means facing towards the Qiblah during Salah.

  1. If the Musalli (the one offering Salah) turns his chest deliberately from Qiblah without a valid reason, his Salah will become invalid even if he turns back to Qiblah instantly. However, if his chest urns unintentionally and he turns back to Qiblah within the amount of time in which ‘سُبّحٰنَ اللّٰہ‘ can be uttered thrice, his Salah will not be invalid. (Munya-tul-Musalli, pp. 193) (Bahr-ur-Raiq, pp. 497, vol. 1)
  2. If only face turned from Qiblah, it is Wajib to turn the face back towards Qibalah instantly. Although the Salah will not become invalid in this case, it is Makruh-e-Tahrimi to do so without a valid reason. (Al-Marja’-us-Sabiq)
  3. If someone is present at such a place where there is neither any means to know the direction of Qiblah nor any such Muslim whom he could ask the direction, so, in this case, he has to do Taharri,e. ponder (as to where the direction of Qiblah may be). He should turn towards the direction in which his heart guides him. This is the direction of Qiblah from him. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 143, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 143, vol.2)
  4. If someone offered Salah doing Taharri and got to know later on that the direction in which he offered Salah was not the correct direction of Qiblah, his Salah will still be valid; it does not need to be repeated. (Tanvir-ul-Absar, pp. 143, vol. 2)
  5. If someone is offering Salah doing Taharri, another person sees him and starts offering Salah facing the same direction without doing Taharri, his Salah will not be valid; he will have to do his own Taharri. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 143, vol. 2)

4.Waqt (Timings)

It is necessary to offer Salah within its stipulated time. For example, today’s ‘Asr Salah is to be offered, it is necessary that the time for ‘Asr has begun. ‘Asr Salah will not be valid if it is offered before the beginning of its time.

  1. Usually, the time-tables (of Salah) are displayed in Masajid. The timings of Salah can easily be ascertained with the help of the time-tables compiled by reliable Tawqit Dan (Experts in Salah / fasting timings) and certified by Ahl-e-Sunnah scholars.
  2. It is Mustahab for Islamic sisters to offer Fajr Salah in its initial time; as for other Salah, it is better for them to wait for men’s Jama’at, and offer Salah after the Jama’at ends. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 30, vol. 2)

Three Makruh Times

  1. From the time of sunrise up to the next 20 minutes.
  2. From 20 minutes before sunset to the time of sunset.
  3. Form Nisf-un-Nahar to the time when the sun begins to decline. No Salah, whether it is Fard, Wajib, Nafl or Qada is permissible during these three times.However, if someone has not offered ‘Asr Salah and Makruh time has started, he can still offer it, but delaying Salah to this extent is Haram. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 52, vol. 1) (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 37, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 37, vol. 2) (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 454, vol. 1)

If the Makruh Time Begins during Salah, then …?
The Salam of ‘Asr Salah should be performed at least 20 minutes before the sunset. A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan عَلَیّہِ رَحّمَۃُ الرَّحّمٰن says, “It is preferable to delay Sala-tul-‘Asr as long as possible, but it should be completed before the Makruh time begins.” (Fatawa Radawiyyah (Jad id), pp. 156, vol. 5) “If someone takes precaution and lengthens Salah such that the Makruh time begins during his Salah, even then, he will not be objected to.” (ibid, pp. 139)

5.Niyyat (Intention)
Niyyat means firm intention in heart. (Tanvir-ul-Absar, pp. 111, vol. 2)

  1. Although verbal intention is not necessary, it is better; provided the intention is present in heart. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 65, vol. 1) Further, making intention in Arabic language isn’t necessary; it can be made in any other language. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 113, vol 2)
  2. As regards intention, there is no significance of verbal utterance. For example, if the intention of Zuhar Salah was present in heart but he word ‘Asr instead of Zuhar was mistakenly uttered, Zuhar Salah will still be valid. (ibid, pp. 112)
  3. The least level of intention is that if someone asks as to which Salah is about to be offered, one should reply promptly. If he is in such a state that he has to recall before replying, then his Salah will not be valid. (ibid, pp. 113)
  4. If the Salah is Fard, the intention of Fard is also necessary. For example, the intention ‘I am offering the Fard of today’s Zuhar’ is to be present in heart. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 117, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 117, vol. 2)
  5. Even though it is correct to make just a general intention of Salah for Nafl, Sunnat and Tarawih, but it is safer to make the intention of Tarawih or current Sunnah while offering Tarawih; as for other Sunnah Salah, one should make the intention of Sunnah or that of the following of the Prophet because some Mashaikh (scholars) consider a general intention insufficient for Sunnah Salah. (Munya-tul-Musalli, pp. 225)
  6. For Nafl Salah, a general intention of Salh is sufficient even if ‘Nafl’ is not included in intention. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 116, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 116, vol. 2)
  7. The intention ‘My face is towards Qiblah’ is not a condition. (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 129, vol. 2)
  8. While offering Salah following an Imam (in Jama’at), a Muqtadi can make the following intention as well: “I intent to offer the same Salah that the Imam is offering”. (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 67, vol. 1)
  9. The intention for the funeral Salah is: “This Salah is for Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and the supplication is for this deceased person.” (Dur-re-Mukhtar, pp. 126, vol. 2) (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 126, vol. 2)
  10. It is necessary to make the intention of Wajid for a Wajid Salah and it has to be specified as well. For example, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha, Nazr (votive), the Salah after Tawaf (Wajid-ut-Tawaf) or the Nafl Salah that was deliberately cancelled, as the Qada of such a Salah is also Wajid. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 119, vol. 2)
  11. Though Sajda-e-Shukr is Nafl, its intention is also necessary. For example, the intention ‘I am going to perform Sajda-e-Shukr’ is to be present in heart. (ibid)
  12. According to the author of ‘Nahr-ul-Faiq’, intention is necessary even for Sajda-e-Sahw, (ibid) i.e. one has to make intention in his heart that he is performing Sajda-e-Sahw.

6.Takbir-e-Tahrimah

Starting Salah by uttering اَللّٰہُ اَکّبَرّ is compulsory. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, pp. 500, vol. 1)

How to Perform Salah?

How to Perform Salah?

Excellence of Durud Sharif

The Prophet of mankind, the peace of our heart and mind, the most generous and kind said to the one glorifying Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and reciting Durud Sharif having offered Salah, ‘Present your supplication, it will be answered; ask (for anything), you will be granted.’ (Sunan Nasai, pp. 220, Hadis 1281)

Dear Islamic brothers! Many virtues of offering Salah and severe punishments for abandoning it have been stated in the Quran and Ahadis. Therefore, the 9th Ayah of Sura-tul-Munafiqun in Parah 28 says:

Salah
Salah

O believers! Do not let your wealth or your children distract you from the remembrance of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and those who do so are at lose.
(Kanzul Iman [Translation of Quran])

Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad bin Ahmad Zahabi رَحّمَۃُاللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیہ narrates that the honorable Mufassirin say, “In this Holy Ayah, the remembrance of Allahعَزَّوَجَلَّrefers to the five daily Salah, therefore, the one who does not offer his Salah at its specified time because of his preoccupation with his wealth (i.e. trading), cultivation and employment, goods and his children, is at loss. (Kitab-ul-Kabair, p. 20)

The Very First Question on the Day of Judgment
The beloved and blessed Prophet   said, “On the Day of Judgment, the very first question that will be asked to man out of his deeds will be about Salah; if his Salah is correct he will succeed but if it is incomplete, he will be disgraced and will suffer loss.” (Al-Mujam-ul-Awsat-lit-Tabrani, pp. 32, vol. 3, Hadis 3782)

Nur for Musalli
The Prophet of mankind, the peace of our heart and mind, the most generous and kind said, “The one who secures his Salah, the Salah will be Nur, evidence and salvation for him on the day of judgment; and the one who does not protect it, there will be no Nur, evidence or salvation for him on the Day of Judgment and such a person will be kept with Pharaoh, Qarun, Haman and Ubay bin Khalaf on the day of judgement.” (Musnad Imam Ahmad, pp. 574, vol. 2, Hadis 6587)

Whom will people be resurrected with?
Dear Islamic brothers! Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad bin Ahmad Zahabi رَحّمَۃُاللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیہ narrates, “Some honorable scholars  رَحّمَۃُاللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی say that the one who abandons Salah will be resurrected with Pharaoh, Qarun, Haman and Ubay bin Khalaf on the Day of Judgment because people usually abandon their Salah due to wealth, rule, ministry and trade.”

The one who abandons his Salah due to being occupied with state affairs will be resurrected with Pharaoh. The one who abandons his Salah owing to his wealth will be resurrected with Qarun. If the reason of abandoning Salah is ministry, he will be resurrected with Pharaoh’s minister, Haman and if the reason of abandoning Salah is busyness in trade, he will be resurrected with Ubay bin Khalaf, the head trader of the unbelievers in Makkah-tul-Mukarramah.” (Kitab-ul-Kabair, p. 21)

Salah even in Severely Wounded State
When Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar Faruq-e-A’zam رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ was seriously wounded as a result of an attack, he was told, “Ya Amir-ul-Muminin رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ, (it is time to offer) Salah!” He رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ said, “Yes, listen! The one who abandons Salah has no share in Islam.” He رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ offered Salah despite being severely wounded. (ibid, pp.22)

Causes of Nur or Darkness for Salah
Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Ubadah bin Samit رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ narrates that our Makki Madani Mustafa said, “The one who makes Wudu properly, stands for Salah and completes its Ruku’, Sujud and recitation, his Salah says, ‘May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ secure you as you have secured me!’ The Salah is then elevated to the sky and there is glare and brilliance for it. The portals of the sky are opened for it and it is presented in the court of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and such Salah intercedes for that Musalli (the one who offered it).”
On the contrary, if he does not complete its Ruku’, Sujud and recitation, the Salah says, “May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ discard you as you have distorted me!’ The Salah covered in darkness is then taken to the sky. The portals of the sky are closed for it and it is then bundled up like an old piece of cloth and thrown onto the face of that Musalli.” (Kanz-ul-‘Ummal, pp. 129, vol. 7, Hadis 19049)

A Cause of Bad End
Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Bukhari رَحّمَۃُاللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیہ says that Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzayfah bin Yaman رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ saw a person performing his Rudu’ and Sujud improperly during his Salah, so he رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ said to the person, “If you die offering Salah in the way as you have just offered, you will not die in accordance with the teachings of Hadrat Sayyiduna Muhammad .” (Sahih Bukhari, pp. 284, vol. 1, Hadis 808)

The narration in Sunan Nasai also states that he رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ asked (the person), “For how long have you been offering Salah in this way?” The person replied, “For forty years.” He رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ said, “You haven’t offered Salah at all for the past forty years; if you die in this state, you will not die following the religion of Muhammad .” (Sunan Nasai, pp. 225, Hadis 1309)

The Thief of Salah
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Qatadah رَضَیَ اللّٰہّ تَعَالٰی عَنّہُ narrates that beloved Rasul of Allah said, “The worst thief is the one who steals from his Salah.” He was humbly asked, “Ya Rasulallah , who is the thief of Salah?” He replied, “The one who does not perform its Ruku’ or Sujud properly.” (Musnad Imam Ahmad, pp. 386, vol. 8, Hadis 22705)

Two Types of Thieves
Commenting on the foregoing Hadis, the famous Mufassir of Quran, Hakim-ul-Ummat Hadrat Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحّمَۃُاللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیہ says, “It became obvious that the thief of Salah is worse than that of money because the thief of money gains at least some worldly profit though he is punished, the thief of Salah will be punished but he will not gain any benefit at all. The thief of money violates the right of people but the thief of Salah, violates that of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. It is the condition of those offering defective Salah; so those who do not offer Salah at all should learn a lesson.” (Mirat-ul Manajih, pp. 78, vol. 2)

Dear Islamic brothers! Many people do not offer Salah at all and even most of those offering Salah are deprived of offering Salah properly due to the lack of interest in learning Sunnah. Therefore, a brief method of offering Salah is being presented. For the sake of Madinah! Please read it very carefully and correct your Salah.

Method of Salah (Hanafi)
Stand erect facing the Qiblah in the state of Wudu with a distance of four fingers between feet. Now raise both hands making thumbs touch the ear-lobes. Fingers should neither be too close together nor too wide apart; instead, they should remain in a normal position, palms facing the Qiblah. Eyesight should be focused at the place of Sajdah. Now make a firm intention (in your heart) of the Salah that you are about to offer. To say it verbally is better (for example, “I intend to offer four Rak’st for today’s Fard Zuhar Salah.”) If you are in a Jama’at, add the words “following this Imam.”

Now, utter Takbir-e-Tahrimah (اَللّٰہُ اَکّبَرّ) lowering your hands and fold them below navel with right palm on the back of left wrist joint, three middle fingers straight on the back of left forearm and thumb and small finger making a loop on either side of wrist. Now recite Sana like this:

Salah
Salah

Glory is to You Ya Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! I praise You, Blessed is Your name, Your greatness is exalted and none is worthy of worship except You.

Then recite the Ta’aw-wuz:

اَعُوذُبِاللہِ مِنَ الشَّیطٰنِ الرَّجِیمِ ۂ
I seek protection from Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ against the accursed Sata.

Then recite the Tasmiyah:

Bismillah Image
Bismillah


Allah’s name I begin with, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful.

Then recite the whole of Surah Fatihah:

Salah
Salah

All praise to Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, Rab عَزَّوَجَلَّ of the worlds, the most Kind and Merciful. Owner of the Day of Requital. We worship You alone, and beg You alone for help. Make us tread on the straight path; the path of those whom You have favored, not of those who have earned (Your) wrath and nor of those who have gone astray.
(Kanzul Iman [Translation of Quran])

After you finish Surah Fatihah, utter اٰمِین (Amin) in low volume and then recite either three short Ayahs or one long Ayah that is equivalent to three short Ayahs or any Surah such as Surah Ikhlas.

Bismillah Image
Bismillah

Allah’s name I begin with, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful

Salah
Salah


Say He is Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, the One. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ is the Independent. He begot none nor was He begotten. And nor is anyone equal to Him.

Now bow down for Ruku’ uttering اَللّٰہُ اَکّبَرّ. Hold knees firmly with both palms and keep fingers spread out. The back should be straight and head should also be in the straightness of the back (not lower or higher than the back); in Ruku’, focus eyesight at feet. Recite سُبّحٰنَ رَبِّیَ الّعَظِیّمِ (Glory to my Magnificent Rab عَزَّوَجَلَّ.) at least three times in Ruku’. Then utter the Tasmi’ سَمعَ اللّٰہُ لِمَنّ حَمِدَہ (Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ heard whoever praised Him) and stand erect; the standing after Ruku’ is called Qawmah. If you are a Munfarid then utter اَللَّھُمَّ رَبَّنَاوَلَکَ الّحَمّد (O our Rab عَزَّوَجَلَّ! All praise is for You).

Then, go down for Sajdah uttering اَللّٰہُ اَکّبَرّ placing your knees first on the ground, then hands and then head (nose first and then the forehead) in between your hands. Make it sure that your nasal bone (not just the tip of your nose) and your forehead properly rest on the ground; in Sajdah, focus eyesight at nose; keep arms separated from sides, belly from thighs and thighs from shins (but if you are in a Jama’at then keep arms close to sides).

The tips of all ten toes should be towards Qiblah with their soles flattened with the ground. Your palms should be flat on the ground with fingers facing Qiblah, but do not keep the forearms touching the ground.

Now recite سُبّحٰنَ رَبِّیَ الّاَعّلٰی at least three times; then lift your head (forehead first then nose), then hands and sit up straight; keep your right foot upright with its toes facing Qiblah; lay your left foot flat and sit on it; place your palms on your thighs close to your knees with your fingers facing Qiblah and their tips by the knees.

Sitting in between two Sujud is called Jalsah. One must stay in this position for at least the amount of time in which سُبّحٰنَ اللّٰہ can once be uttered (to utter اَللّٰھُمَّ اغّفِرّلِی (“Ya Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ forgive me.”) in Jalsah is Mustahab).

Now, perform the second Sajdah uttering اَللّٰہُ اَکّبَرّ in the same way as the first one.

Now, raise the head first; then stand up with the support of your toes placing your hands on your knees. Do not lean hands unnecessarily on the ground while standing up. You have now completed one Rak’at.

In the second  Rak’at, start with بِسّمِ اللہِ الرَّحّمٰنِ الرَّحِیّمِ and then recite Sura-e-Fatihah and another Surah, then do the Ruku’ and Sujud as you did in the first Rak’st.

After completing the second Sajdah (of the second Rak’at) sit up straight with your right foot upright and your left foot flat.

To sit after the second Sajdah of the second Rak’at is called Qa’dah.

Recite Tashahhud in Qa’dah:

Salah
Salah

All types of worship i.e. oral, physical and monetary are for Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. Salutation be upon you Ya Nabi and the mercy and blessings of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. Salutation be upon us and the pious men of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and I testify that Muhammad is His (distinguished) Servant and Rasul .

When you are about to utter the word لا in Tashahhud, form a circle with the middle finger and thumb of your right hand and put the tips of your ring-finger and the pinkie at palm; as soon as you begin to utter the word “لا “ (immediately after “اَشّھَدّاَلّ“), raise your index finger without waving it side to side. When you reach اِلَّا put it down and straighten your all fingers out instantly. If you are offering more than two Rak’at, stand up erect uttering اَللّٰہُ اَکّبَرّ.

If it is Fard Salah, recite only بِسّمِ اللہِ الرَّحّمٰنِ الرَّحِیّمِ and Sura-e-Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak’at, an additional Surah is not needed. The rest of the acts must be performed in the same way as before.

However, if it is a Sunnah Salah or Nafl Salah, then Surah shall be added after Surah Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak’at (You must remember that if you are offering the Salah following an Imam, you cannot recite anything in the Qiyam of any Rak’at, you must stand quietly). Once you have offered all four Rak’at, sit in Qa’dah-e-Akhirah, and then recite Tashahhud and the Durud-e-Ibrahim عَلَیّہِ السَّلاَم.

Salah
Salah

O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ send Durud on (our Master) Muhammad and on his descendents as You sent Durud on (out Master) Ibrahim عَلَیّہِ السَّلاَم. and his descendents. Indeed you alone are praise worthy and Glorious. O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ shower Your blessings on (our Master) Muhammad and his descendents as You showered blessings on (our Master) Ibrahim عَلَیّہِ السَّلاَم. and his descendents. Indeed You are praise worthy and Glorious.

Then recite any Du’a-e-Masurah e.g.

Salah
Salah

Ya Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Our Rab عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Grant us the good of this world and the good of the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the hell.

Then, to finish the Salah, first turn face towards right shoulder saying اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَیکُم وَرَحمَۃُاللّٰہ and then towards left shoulder saying the same words. Now your Salah has completed. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 504-506, vol. 1, etc.)

A Few Differences in the Salah of Islamic Sisters
The afore-mentioned method of Salah is for an Imam or a man offering individually. There are some differences between the Salah of Islamic sisters and that of Islamic brothers. At the time of Takbir-e-Tahrimah, Islamic sisters should raise their hands up to their shoulders; their hands should remain covered in their shawl. In Qiyam, Islamic sisters should place their left palm on chest just below their breast and put the right palm on the back of the left palm. Islamic sisters should bow slightly in Ruku’ i.e. to the extent of placing their hands on their knees. They should neither apply weight to their knees nor hold them; their fingers should be close together and feet should be slightly bent i.e. not completely straight, like men. Islamic sisters should perform Sajdah keeping their body parts close together, i.e. arms touching sides, belly touching thighs, thighs touching shins and shins touching the ground. In Sajdah and Qa’dah, they should draw their feet out towards the right side.

In Qa’dah, they should sit on their left buttock. They should place their right and left hands on the middle of their right and left thighs respectively. The rest method is like that of men. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, pp. 259, vol. 2) (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, pp. 74, vol. 1, etc.)

Both Should Pay Attention!
Some of the acts described in the method of Salah for Islamic brothers and Islamic sisters are Fard without which the Salah will not be valid whereas some acts are Wajib leaving which deliberately is a sin; repenting of it and repeating such a Salah is Wajid. In case of missing a Wajid forgetfully, Sajdah Sahw becomes Wajid. Some of the acts in Salah are Sunnat-e-Muakkadah; Making a habit of abandoning a Sunnat-e-Muakkadah is a sin. Similarly, some of the acts in Salah are Mustahab; performing a Mustahab is an act of Sawab while leaving a Mustahab is not a sin. (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 507, vol. 1, etc.)

Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

First Kalimah: Sanctity

1st Kalimah Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

There is none worthy of worship except Allah عز وجل,
Muhammad صلى الله علیہ وسلم is the Prophet of Allah عز وجل.

Second Kalimah: Evidence

2nd Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah عز وجل, He is alone and He has no partner and I testify

2nd Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

that Muhammad صلی الله علیہ وسلم is He (Distinguished) Servant and His Prophet.

Third Kalimah: Glory of Allah

3rd Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

Glory be to Allah عز وجل and all praise be to Allah عز وجل and there is none worthy of worship except Allah عز وجل , and Allah عز وجل is Great

3rd Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

and there is no power to keep away from sins and no ability to do good but from Allah عز وجل who is the greatest.

Fourth Kalimah: Oneness of Allah عز وجل

4th Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

There is none worthy of worship but Allah عز وجل. He is alone. He has no partners. Allah Kingdom is for Him and all praise is for Him. He gives life

4th Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

and He gives death. He is alive: death will never come to him. The great and the glorified One

4th Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

In His hand is goodness and He has power over everything.

Fifth Kalimah: Repentance

Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

O my Rab I seek forgiveness from you for all the sins I have committed knowingly or unknowingly, openly or secretly

5th Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

and I repent of the sins that I am aware of and the sins that I am unaware of, for you are the knower of all the Ghuyub (unseen) and Sattar of all the faults and forgiver of all sins, and there is no

5th Kalima Image (Articles of Faith)
Six Kalimat (Articles of Faith)

strength and power except that of Allah عز وجل, the Almighty and the Greatest.

Sixth Kalimah: Refutation of Disbelief


6th Kalimah

O Allah عز وجل I seek Your refuge from associating anything with you knowingly,

6th Kalimah 1

and I seek forgiveness from You for (shirk) that I do not know. I have repented from it and I have detested disbelief, idolatry,

6th Kalimah 2

telling lie, backbiting, bad innovations, tale-telling, indecency, accusations

6th Kalimah 3

and all the sins. I embrace Islam and say there is none worthy of worship but Allah عز وجل, Muhammad صلی الله علیہ وسلم is the Prophet of Allah.

Iman e Mufassal and Iman e Mujmal / Comprehensive and Concise Faith

Bismillah Image
Bismillah

Allah’s name I begin with, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful.

Iman e Mufassal

Comprehensive Faith

Comprehensive Faith Image
Comprehensive Faith

I believe in Allah عزوجل, His Angels, His (revealed) Books, His Prophets علیھم السلام, the Day of Judgment and (I believe that) good or bad destiny

Comprehensive Faith Image 2
Comprehensive Faith

is from Allah عزوجل and (I believe that) there will be resurrection after death.

Iman-e-Mujmal

Concise Faith

Iman-e-Mujmal Concise Faith Image
Iman-e-Mujmal Concise Faith Image

I solemnly declare my belief in Allah عزوجل as He is with all His names attributes, and I have accepted (to obey) all His commands

Iman-e-Mujmal Concise Faith Image
Iman-e-Mujmal Concise Faith Image

by pledging with my tongue and testifying them with my heart.